Trinidad and Tobago 2001
Trinidad and Tobago. There was a deadly race between the country’s two largest parties in the new election held on December 10. The ruling United National Congress (UNC) won 18 of Parliament’s 36 seats. The same number of places went to the opposition People’s National Movement (PNM). Confusion prevailed since the election results became known, but judges believed in another new election. Parliamentary elections were held no later than December 2000. At that time UNC got its own majority. However, this was followed by a constitutional crisis when President Robinson refused to accept Prime Minister Panday’s appointments of seven UNC senators. After 55 days of dispute, however, the president reluctantly accepted the senators. A deep crack within UNC made it clear that new elections were announced a year later.
- Abbreviationfinder: lists typical abbreviations and country overview of Trinidad and Tobago, including bordering countries, geography, history, politics, and economics.
In February, Trinidad and Tobago, together with other Caribbean countries, decided that a new Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court would replace the British Privy Council as the country’s highest court. The Privy Council has the practice of not executing the death penalty, while Trinidad and Tobago have been criticized internationally for an increased number of death sentences.
According to Countryaah, the population of Trinidad and Tobago in 2001 was 1,296,391, ranking number 152 in the world. The population growth rate was 0.460% yearly, and the population density was 252.7294 people per km2.
History. – The November 2007 elections confirmed Prime Minister Patrick Manning’s People’s national movement (PNM) in power, which won a majority in the House of Representatives. The United National Congress (UNC), the Caribbean island’s other large party, won 15 seats, while the Congress of the People (COP), created in 2006 in response to a split within the UNC, remained outside Parliament. In February 2007, President of the Republic Maxwell Richards (elected in 2003) was re-elected. In April 2010, in light of an opposition motion of no confidence, Prime Minister Manning asked the president to dissolve parliament and call new elections. The consultations, held in the following month of May, they were won by the heterogeneous People’s partnership (PP) coalition led by Kamla Persad-Bissessar, who thus became the first woman to assume the post of prime minister in the history of Trinidad and Tobago. Persad-Bissessar promoted a government platform based on the fight against corruption, on fiscal responsibility and on the stability of energy production (the island’s only real resource). In response to the increase in violence related to cocaine trafficking, the government declared a state of emergency in 2011. on fiscal responsibility and on the stability of energy production (the island’s real and only resource). In response to the increase in violence related to cocaine trafficking, the government declared a state of emergency in 2011. on fiscal responsibility and on the stability of energy production (the island’s real and only resource). In response to the increase in violence related to cocaine trafficking, the government declared a state of emergency in 2011.
In March 2013 Anthony Carmona was elected President of the Republic. An important and contested constitutional reform was approved by Parliament in August 2014: it provided for the introduction of the 10-year term of office for the prime minister, the right to revoke the parliamentary mandate and the automatic ballot in the event that no candidate obtained more than 50% of the votes.
In the elections of September 2015, the PNM won 23 seats against 18 for the PP and the position of premier was taken over by Keith Rowley, formerly leader of the opposition.