Category: South America

America – Physical Overview
North and South America are two vast land masses that have great similarities in geological structure. Compared to the other continents, the large north-south expansion is striking, ranging from the areas north of the 70th parallel to Tierra del Fuego south of the 50th parallel. North and South America thus have a share in all geographic zones. The high mountain belt of the Rocky Mountains and the Andes in the west is also striking. It has a great influence on the climatic conditions, as it acts like a bolt. The tectonic activities are evidence of its still geologically young age: active volcanoes and a high risk of earthquakes characterize the mountain belt.

North America can be divided into three major landscapes. The geologically young fold mountain belt of the Rocky Mountains with its striking north-south orientation continues as far as South America and reaches its greatest width in the area of ​​the Great Basin. It has been folded against the geologically old, stable American shield with its wide, open landscapes (Great Plains) in the east. There the waters form distinctive guidelines (chain of lakes from Bear Lake to Lake Erie, Hudson Bay, St. Lawrence River, Mississippi). The archipelagos in the Arctic Ocean and Greenland form the third large landscape.

With the very high, geologically young Cordilleras in the west, the extensive plains with their huge river systems in the interior and the lower, geologically old mountains in the east (Amazon Shield, Guyana Shield), South America’s geological structure and surface shape are very similar to North America. The climate and vegetation are completely different due to their location in the tropics (with the exception of the south). Despite their altitude, the Andes are the oldest settlement area, their preference has not changed until today. The settlement is otherwise coast-oriented in most countries. For more information about the continent of South America, please check

Colombia Entry Requirements

Colombia Entry Requirements

Passport: is a general requirement for traveling to Colombia. Of the passport (or the temporary passport) must be valid for at least 6 months upon entry. A return or onward ticket is required for...

Venezuela Population Graph

Venezuela 2001

Yearbook 2001 Venezuela. President Hugo Chávez devoted much of his time during the year to persuading the oil-producing countries’ organization OPEC, of ​​which Venezuela is a member, to reduce production in order to raise...

Uruguay Population Graph

Uruguay 2001

Yearbook 2001 Uruguay. At the beginning of the year, the majority of Congress gave President Jorge Batlle the go-ahead to proceed with a major privatization program that includes the pension insurance system as well...

Suriname Population Graph

Suriname 2001

Yearbook 2001 Suriname. At a conference of Indian chiefs in October, the militant Indian movement Tucajana Amazonica presented an ultimatum to the Government of Surinam regarding several decades-old promises of formal tenure for large...

Peru Population Graph

Peru 2001

Yearbook 2001 Peru. On June 3, Unexpectedly, Alejandro Toledo won the presidential election, making him the first President of Peru’s history with Native American sting. Instead, the big surprise was the performance of the...

Paraguay Population Graph

Paraguay 2001

Yearbook 2001 Paraguay. The gap between President Luis González Macchi and Vice President Júlio César Franco from the opposition party PLRA (Partido Liberal Radical Auténtico) has widened during the year and developed into a...

Guyana Population Graph

Guyana 2001

Yearbook 2001 Guyana. After more than three years, the protests raised by the opposition People’s National Congress (PNC) immediately after the People’s Progressive Party’s (PPP) election victory in December 1997 saw its legal sanction....

Ecuador Population Graph

Ecuador 2001

Yearbook 2001 Ecuador. The increase in gasoline prices and the VAT rate included in the government’s agreement with the IMF was actualized at the beginning of the year by falling oil prices, and the...

Colombia Population Graph

Colombia 2001

Yearbook 2001 Colombia. The political violence in Colombia has continued unabated with almost daily assaults, kidnappings and murders. Particularly in October, a wave of violence with massacres performed by the paramilitary forces was noted;...

Chile Population Graph

Chile 2001

Yearbook 2001 Chile. In the congressional elections held on December 16, the government coalition lost some seats in the House of Representatives to the opposition alliance, but retained its majority in both chambers. The...