Suriname. At a conference of Indian chiefs in October, the militant Indian movement Tucajana Amazonica presented an ultimatum to the Government of Surinam regarding several decades-old promises of formal tenure for large tracts of land where Indians traditionally lived. The Indians demanded that the promises be fulfilled, otherwise they will occupy the area, which corresponds to 20% of Suriname’s area. They have long protested that their rights are being violated or violated, while the government is giving concessions to timber companies to cut down forest in the area. Many fear a repeat of the 1986-91 Indian War, which raged in the same part of the country.
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According to Countryaah, the population of Suriname in 2001 was 499,353, ranking number 167 in the world. The population growth rate was 1.180% yearly, and the population density was 3.2017 people per km2.