Cyprus. The tension between the island's internationally
recognized part, ruled by Greek Cypriots, and the occupied
northern part, ruled by Turkish Cypriots, eased in December
as the parties' respective leaders dined together, first at
home with Turkish Cypriot leader Rauf Denktash on December 5
and then at home with the president of Cyprus. Glafkos
Klerides December 29.
In the May 27 parliamentary elections, the Communist
Party AKEL (Workers' Progress Party) took 35% of the vote,
giving the party a victory by just under one percentage
point over the ruling DISY (Democratic Assembly). AKEL
increased its mandate in parliament from 19 to 20, while
DISY and DIKO (the Democratic Party) lost one mandate each
and stayed on 19 and 9 of the 56 seats, respectively.
Countryaah, Cyprus's governance means that the composition of the
government was not affected by the outcome of the election.
In the self-proclaimed republic of Northern Cyprus, the
head of government Derviş Eroğlu and his party, the National
Unity Party, jumped in May by the government coalition and
formed a new government together with the DP (Democratic
The Cypriot government was sentenced in the European
Court of Human Rights on May 23 for the arrest of nine
Turkish Cypriots without legal support by the Cypriot
police. The government was ordered to pay 20,000 Cypriot
pounds to each of the nine.
In March 2009, 10 police officers were acquitted of
mistreating two students in December 2005. The acquittal
garnered international attention as video footage of police
mistreatment of the two handcuffed young men existed.
The election in Northern Cyprus in April 2009 was won by
the right-wing National Unity Party, which advocated
independence for Northern Cyprus. Its leader, Derviş Eroğlu,
was in April 2010 appointed as "president" of Northern
Cyprus. This cementing of the divide between the two parts
of the island was a response to the Greek Cypriot central
government's opposition to negotiations and reconciliation.
The Conservative Party DISY won the parliamentary
elections in May 2011 with 34.3% of the vote. An increase of
3.8%. However, it was closely followed by the Communist
Party AKEL, which gained 32.7%. An increase of 1.4%. The
election was accelerated after the DIKO party left the
coalition government with AKEL in August 2010.
In July 2011, an ammunition depot at Evangelos Florakis
naval base in southern Cyprus burst into the air. The
explosion threw the country into an economic and political
crisis. The depot consisted of 98 containers of weapons and
explosives. They had arrived at the base in 2009 after
pirates from the United States Navy had captured a
Cypriot-registered ship in the Red Sea, sailing weapons from
Iran to Syria. The US and Britain had subsequently put
pressure on Cyprus to confiscate the weapons shipment, but
it was rejected by Cyprus, which did not want a diplomatic
conflict with Syria. Cyprus instead called on Britain and
the United States to remove the weapons, which the two
states also rejected. The explosion cost 13 people alive and
wounded hundreds more. At the same time, it destroyed the
country's largest power plant, which accounted for half of
the electricity supply. As a direct political consequence,
the Secretary of Defense and the Chief of Army resigned. But
the incident also triggered demonstrations demanding the
departure of the president. An independent report in October
laid the main responsibility for the explosion on the
president, and at the same time called on the prosecutor to
open a case against him. The cost of the explosion rose to
about $ 2.8 billion. US $.
Refugee conditions are regularly violated in the country.
In July 2011, 35 police officers attacked refugees detained
at Larnaca police station. They were bitched and verbally
abusive. Amnesty International criticized the detention of
rejected asylum seekers in prisons. Two wings of the central
prison in Nicosia were then set up to house rejected asylum
seekers. It is in violation of the Refugee Convention.
Large gas deposits were located in the underground 175 km
south of Cyprus, internationally recognized as part of
Cyprus. However, not by Turkey, which in 2011 threatened to
deploy its fleet if Cyprus initiated the exploration of the
gas fields. However, it was at first threatened. Cyprus
began trial drilling in the same year without being attacked
by Turkey's navy.
On April 7, 2012, Cypriot police and the country's terror
corps attacked a house in the buffer zone, arresting 28 -
including middle-aged - peace activists. The activists were
beaten by the police and one in attendance was able to
report that the police action had been illegal as no court
order was presented.
In June 2012, Cyprus joined a number of EU countries that
were experiencing payment difficulties as a result of the
economic crisis. At the same time, Fitch downgraded the
nation's government bonds to junk status. In March 2013, the
EU signed an agreement with the Cypriot government to divide
the country's second largest bank into 2 - a "bad" and a
"good" bank. In return, the country was granted DKK 10
billion. € by the European Union, the European Central Bank
and the IMF. In addition, the country was to shave off
unsecured deposits in its banks. These were mainly the
deposits of Russian criminals, who have largely used Cyprus
as a tax haven.