Category: Europe

Europe – physical overview
Europe is a highly indented continent with large inland seas and long coasts. On geological old shields, which are now leveled to form wide-ranging landscapes, mountains were folded in three phases. Depending on age, these have already been eroded to a greater or lesser extent in the course of the earth’s history or have been transformed into low mountain ranges by fracture tectonics.

NORTHERN EUROPE
In Scandinavia, north-south oriented geological structures (supercontinent and folded Caledonian mountains) overlap with a climatic zoning from north to south and a differentiation according to altitude. The mountains of the Skanden in the west and north-west face the partial basins of the Baltic Sea and largely flat landscapes in the east (southern Finland) and south (Jutland, southern Sweden). The Scandi are in parts high mountain character and carry glaciers. Between the Scandinavia and the Baltic Sea there is an incline facing northwest and southeast, which is particularly noticeable in northern Sweden due to the parallel course of the rivers.

The Scandinavian region was covered by inland ice during the last glacial periods. Accordingly, the surface forms on the coasts, in valleys and in the plains show various traces of glacial and periglacial formation. The abundance of lakes is also due to it.

The island of Iceland occupies a special position not only because of its northern location (tundra vegetation). The mid-Atlantic ridge runs through the island and causes active tectonics and volcanism (geysers; see 106.1).

THE ALPINE REGION
The Alps are part of the young alpine fold mountain belt. As high mountains, they mark a border between Central and Southern Europe, both climatically and historically. While they are sharply delimited to the Po Valley in the south, they have a relatively wide foreland in the north, the border of which is marked by the Danube and Aare, for example. The combination of massifs and folded and shifted rock ceilings is characteristic of the Alpine region. The former emerged from the thresholds of the Geosynklinal Sea, the latter from its troughs. The western Alps are built up from massifs such as the Mont Blanc massif. In Switzerland they form two zones that are separated by the long valley of the Rhone (including the Aare massif, the Gotthard massif). The Eastern Alps consist of three mountain ranges: the Northern Limestone Alps, the Central Alps (Tauern) and the Southern Limestone Alps; they are separated by longitudinal valleys. For more information about the continent of Europe, please check payhelpcenter.com.

Iceland in the 2000's

Iceland in the 2000’s

Island state of northwestern Europe. According to official estimates, the Iceland in 2005 it counted 299,891 residents, with a density of 2.9 residents / km 2. The increase recorded in ten years is approximately...

Italy Reformers

Italy Reformers

There are numerous Italian thinkers who in the century. XVI, who took refuge abroad for having adhered to heretical ideas, made a notable contribution to the Protestant Reformation. Pietro Martire Vermigli, professor in Zurich, Germany,...

Russia During Elizabeth and Peter III

Russia During Elizabeth and Peter III

Lively, but superficial and futile, Elizabeth did not change the tone of life of the court: the favorites dominated, crazy expenses followed one another. Elisabeth’s German tastes were replaced by a more refined French...

Germany History - Germany and Germani

Germany History – Germany and Germani

The Rhine and the upper course of the Danube had definitively constituted the border of the Roman Empire, to the east and north of which extended, up to the Vistula and the North and...

Russia Arts

Russia Arts and Music

The country is the direct heir of a large part of the former Soviet Union, and as such it has brought with it the artistic and cultural heritage that was formed throughout the twentieth...

Attractions in Stuttgart, Germany

Attractions in Stuttgart, Germany

Stuttgart, capital of Baden-Wuerttemberg, with (2019) 635,900 residents. Stuttgart lies in a wide valley on the middle Neckar and has two universities, museums, theaters and a botanical-zoological garden (“Wilhelma”). As the headquarters of Daimler...

Lourdes, France

Lourdes, France

The world-famous place of pilgrimage Lourdes is located in southern France in the Midi Pyrenees region, not far from the border with Spain. Pilgrimage groups and participants in study trips visit the small town...

Italy Arts

Italy Arts and Wines

Italian arts Italian art, the art of the tribes living on the Apennine Peninsula from the beginning of the Iron Age in the 9th / 8th centuries. Century BC Until about 100 BC BC,...

Best Travel Time and Climate for Åland

Best Travel Time and Climate for Åland

With its location in Northern Europe and a record-breaking 6,700 small islands just waiting to be discovered, the Åland archipelago offers you the Nordic experience you may have been looking for. The best time...