Category: Europe

Europe – physical overview
Europe is a highly indented continent with large inland seas and long coasts. On geological old shields, which are now leveled to form wide-ranging landscapes, mountains were folded in three phases. Depending on age, these have already been eroded to a greater or lesser extent in the course of the earth’s history or have been transformed into low mountain ranges by fracture tectonics.

In Scandinavia, north-south oriented geological structures (supercontinent and folded Caledonian mountains) overlap with a climatic zoning from north to south and a differentiation according to altitude. The mountains of the Skanden in the west and north-west face the partial basins of the Baltic Sea and largely flat landscapes in the east (southern Finland) and south (Jutland, southern Sweden). The Scandi are in parts high mountain character and carry glaciers. Between the Scandinavia and the Baltic Sea there is an incline facing northwest and southeast, which is particularly noticeable in northern Sweden due to the parallel course of the rivers.

The Scandinavian region was covered by inland ice during the last glacial periods. Accordingly, the surface forms on the coasts, in valleys and in the plains show various traces of glacial and periglacial formation. The abundance of lakes is also due to it.

The island of Iceland occupies a special position not only because of its northern location (tundra vegetation). The mid-Atlantic ridge runs through the island and causes active tectonics and volcanism (geysers; see 106.1).

The Alps are part of the young alpine fold mountain belt. As high mountains, they mark a border between Central and Southern Europe, both climatically and historically. While they are sharply delimited to the Po Valley in the south, they have a relatively wide foreland in the north, the border of which is marked by the Danube and Aare, for example. The combination of massifs and folded and shifted rock ceilings is characteristic of the Alpine region. The former emerged from the thresholds of the Geosynklinal Sea, the latter from its troughs. The western Alps are built up from massifs such as the Mont Blanc massif. In Switzerland they form two zones that are separated by the long valley of the Rhone (including the Aare massif, the Gotthard massif). The Eastern Alps consist of three mountain ranges: the Northern Limestone Alps, the Central Alps (Tauern) and the Southern Limestone Alps; they are separated by longitudinal valleys. For more information about the continent of Europe, please check

Delft, Netherlands

Climate and Weather of Delft, Netherlands

The climate of Delft According to, Delft is a large city and municipality in the central part of South Holland. The city’s nickname is Prinsenstad, mainly due to the close ties that the...

Betliar, Slovakia

Climate and Weather of Betliar, Slovakia

The climate of Betliar According to shoppingpicks, Betliar is a small village in the eastern part of Slovakia, on the river Sajó. The village has less than a thousand inhabitants, but is visited by...

Economy of Germany

Economy of Germany

Even though Germany is the third most powerful country in the world economically, its unification brought a number of problems. After the initial production boom in the western federal states and a large decline...

Ghost Forest Nienhagen

Trips to Mecklenburg-West Pomerania, Germany

The most beautiful regions in Mecklenburg-West Pomerania Baltic coast vacations at the beach According to, the Baltic Sea is the most popular travel destination for Germans in their own country. Part of the...

Limerick (Ireland)

What to See in Ireland

Donegal (Ireland) According to, Donegal is located on the northwest coast of Ireland. In the vicinity of the city there are sandy beaches, where tourists and locals relax in the summer. It is...

Cangas de Onis, Asturias (Spain)

Cangas de Onis, Asturias (Spain)

According to, the city of Cangas de Onis is the main tourist center of the Picos de Europa National Park, which is located in the northern part of Spain in the Cantabrian Mountains,...

Pereslavl-Zalessky, Russia

Pereslavl-Zalessky, Russia

According to, Pereslavl-Zalessky is located in the Yaroslavl region, 140 km northeast of Moscow, near the picturesque Lake Pleshcheyevo, the territory of which is a national park. Pereslavl-Zalessky was founded in 1152 by...

Attractions in Croatia

Attractions in Croatia

According to, you can walk through the magnificent pine forests past the city zoo and old chapels, and climb the Marjan Hill, from where a wonderful panorama of Split opens up. Southeast of...

Slovenia Brief History

Slovenia Brief History

According to, Slovenia is a central European state. It borders to the North with Austria, to the NE with Hungary, to the SE and to the South with Croatia, to the West with Italy...

Iceland in the 2000's

Iceland in the 2000’s

Island state of northwestern Europe. According to official estimates, the Iceland in 2005 it counted 299,891 residents, with a density of 2.9 residents / km 2. The increase recorded in ten years is approximately...