Mali. The countdown to the general elections in 2002 began in July when former Prime Minister Boubakar Keita left the ruling ADEMA and formed his own party, called the Collection for Mali. About 30 members from ADEMA moved to the new party, which thus became the second largest in parliament.
Former President General Amadou Toumani Touré resigned from the army in September, allowing him to run for office in the next presidential election, when Alpha Oumar Konaré must resign. Touré is one of M’s most respected citizens since he ended his military dictatorship in 1991 and handed over power to civilian politicians. He has since then mediated in African conflicts.
- Abbreviationfinder: lists typical abbreviations and country overview of Mali, including bordering countries, geography, history, politics, and economics.
Former President Touré is dead
Former President Amadou Toumani Touré has died at the age of 72. Touré led the country for ten years before being deposed in a military coup in 2012 (see Modern History).
Mali back in AU
Mali will once again be an active member of the African Union (AU), which shut down the country in connection with the August 2020 coup.
Arrested key persons are released
The political and military leaders captured in connection with the coup (see August 2020) have been released, announces the Vice-President of the Transitional Government, the junta leader Goita. Among those released are the ousted Prime Minister Boubou Cissé, then-Parliament Speaker Moussa Timbine and eight generals.
The United States continues to withhold military support
The United States will not resume its military support to Mali until a regular civilian government leads the country. One of these will be in place in 18 months at the earliest. However, humanitarian aid and development aid will be channeled through NGOs and international partners.
Soumaila Cissé released through prisoner exchange
More than 100 imprisoned jihadists released in exchange for the kidnapped former opposition leader and presidential candidate Soumaïla Cissé and French aid worker Sophie Pétronin abducted 2016. Cissé was kidnapped during his election campaign in central Mali (see March 2020) and Pétronin captured by al-Qaeda -trogna jihadists in Gao in northern Mali where she worked for charity. An Italian priest, who disappeared in Niger in 2018, and an Italian who was kidnapped during a cycling holiday in 2019, are released at the same time.
Ecowas ends sanctions
The West African co-operation organization Ecowas announces that it will end the sanctions against Mali, which were introduced in connection with the coup in August 2020. The sanctions, which included closed borders and trade bans, will end after the junta appointed a civilian transitional president civilian rule within 18 months.
Transitional civil-military government is appointed
President N’Daw appoints a transitional government of 25 ministers. The government has both civilian and military representatives, but the military is considered to have been given several key roles. The junta member Colonel Sadio Camara is appointed Minister of Defense, Colonel Modibo Kone is appointed Minister of Security and military leaders are also given ministerial responsibility for national reconciliation and territorial administration. Several heavy posts also go to civilians: former prosecutor Mohamed Sidda Dicko becomes justice minister, diplomat Zeïni Moulaye becomes foreign minister and Alousseni Sanou is appointed finance minister. Four women get ministerial posts and only two ministerial posts go to the opposition movement Fifth June.
According to Countryaah, the population of Mali in 2001 was 12,775,405, ranking number 68 in the world. The population growth rate was 3.140% yearly, and the population density was 10.4701 people per km2.