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Zambia

Yearbook 2001

2001 ZambiaZambia. According to Countryaah, President Frederick Chiluba hinted in March that he would like to run for re-election even though the constitution forced him to resign during the year, when his term expired. The MMD government party, the Movement for Multiparty Democracy, began to try to change the constitution and Chiluba dismissed a number of ministers who opposed his re-election.

The president's actions prompted leading MMD members to launch a campaign against his re-election. The campaign was supported by church leaders, lawyers and civil rights activists. Ambassadors from EU countries also urged Chiluba to respect the constitution. In May, Chiluba bowed to pressure and announced that he would not seek re-election. In return, he dismissed all critics from the government, including Vice President Christon Tembo. Around 80 leading MMD members now formed the Forum for Democracy and Development (FDD) and appointed Tembo as its presidential candidate. MMD's candidate was appointed lawyer and former Vice President Levy Mwanawasa.

2001 Zambia

Reports of widespread cheating and pressure on voters led to unrest in connection with the general elections in December. Election observers from the EU and African countries supported the opposition's data on irregularities. Despite widespread protests, however, Levy Mwanawasa was declared a winner by a marginal margin in the presidential election, taking office in 2002. The MMD remained the largest party in parliament but appeared to be forced to seek a coalition partner.

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