Saudi Arabia. According to
Countryaah, two weeks after the September 11 terrorist
attacks against the United States, Saudi Arabia severed its
diplomatic ties with the Taliban regime in Afghanistan and
gave the United States full support in the fight against
terrorism. However, many Saudis joined Usama bin Laden's
forces in Afghanistan. Of the 22 people the United States
identified on October 10 as suspected of involvement in
terrorist attacks, Usama bin Laden and four others were born
in Saudi Arabia. Saudi police arrested a large number of
people who were questioned about their possible Islamist
sympathies. An American was killed on October 6 when a
Palestinian blew himself up in the air in the city of
al-Khubar in eastern Saudi Arabia.
During the beginning of the year, several Westerners were
injured in blast attacks in various parts of the country.
According to the police, they were guilty British guest
workers who were dealing in alcohol illegally. During the
spring and summer, several Britons who pleaded guilty to TV
were arrested. Human rights organizations questioned the
circumstances surrounding the recognition.
In May, King Fahd decided to increase the number of
members of the advisory congregation majlis ashshura to 120.
The king established the congregation with 60 members in
1992 and in 1997 increased the number to 90.
In May, the government announced that a number of Western
oil companies had been contracted for several major natural
gas projects worth close to $ 40 billion. In February and
March, OPEC, of which Saudi Arabia is the dominant member,
reduced its total oil production by 5.6% and then by another
3.7%. The reason was said to be the reduced demand for fuel
in the western world. After September 11, oil prices first
skyrocketed, but then fell as fuel demand declined due to
the uncertain world economic situation. Just before the turn
of the year, OPEC decided to further reduce oil production
in order to curb further price falls.
At least 35 Muslim pilgrims - 23 women and 12 men - were
trampled when panic erupted in a crowd in Mina near the holy
city of Mecca on March 5.
King Abdullah died in January 2015 and the throne was
taken over by his brother, 79-year-old Salman bin Abdulaziz
Al Saud. Leaders in the West lined up to condole the
dictator's death, and in Britain the government ordered
public buildings to flake. This triggered criticism from a
wide political spectrum in the country that had difficulty
understanding why Britain should pay homage to the medieval
country. Britain sent Prime Minister David Cameron to the
dictator's funeral, while Denmark sent Secretary of Defense
Nicolai Wammen, expressing Denmark's significant military
contribution to destabilizing the Middle East.
During the pilgrimage to Mecca in September 2015, more
than 2,200 people were trampled down or strangled.
In March 2015, Saudi Arabia began war on Yemen after the
last remnants of the Haddi dictatorship had been toppled in
the country. The Saudis claimed that Yemen's houthi rebels
were backed by Iran, but were unable to substantiate how the
Houthis would get weapons through Oman and across the Strait
of Hormuz, one of the world's best guarded waterways,
monitored by the United States Navy. The Saudi war was
supported by both Egypt, Sudan, Britain and the United
States. Saudi Arabia pleaded guilty to serious war crimes
during its terror against Yemen. Already in May, surveys
conducted by Human Rights Watch revealed that the country
had used the banned cluster bombs in its attacks. An October
UN study found that of the 2615 civilians who had been since
March, over 60% had been killed during Saudi air bombings.
The use of cluster bombs continued throughout 2015 and into
2016, prompting UN Secretary-General Ban Ki Moon to declare
war crimes to be possible. In January 2016, Saudi aircraft
attacked a hospital run by MSF in Sa'ada. At least 6 were
killed. It was Israel that already in 2009 introduced the
tradition of attacking hospitals. The United States
continued it with attacks on MSF hospitals in Afghanistan in
2015, and in 2016 Saudi Arabia joined the tradition. The
United States, with the threat of veto, is preventing the UN
Security Council from intervening in the conflict. The UN
disaster organization OCHA had 21 million. Yeminites in
February 2016 need humanitarian assistance as a result of
the Saudi war against Yemen and $ 7.6 million. was certainly
threatened by hunger.IS groups in Yemen. Already in April
2015, AQAP managed to occupy the southeastern port city of
Al Mukalla, after escaping from the Houthi militia for