Timor. Freedom hero Jos谷 Xanana Gusmão agreed in August
to run for office as East Timor's first president when the
country becomes independent on May 20, 2002. Gusmão's
Fretilin party received just over 57% of the vote and 55 out
of 88 seats in the August election to a constituent
assembly, whose task becomes writing a constitution.
Thereafter, the congregation is transformed into a regular
Countryaah, UN forces UNTAET will remain in East Timor for the time
being until a domestic defense force has been created. The
UN allocated correspondingly more than SEK 15 million to
weapons for East Timor's own defense.
East Timor and Australia signed an agreement on oil and
gas extraction in the Timor Sea in July. The agreement is
estimated to give East Timor the equivalent of about SEK 50
billion over 20 years from 2004.
In March 2014, two paramilitary groups were declared
illegal by Parliament for their "attempt to create
instability". These were the Mauber Revolution Council (KRM)
and the Democratic People's Council of East Timor Democratic
Republic (CPD-RDTL). The leaders of the two groups were
charged. In March 2015, the KRM launched a series of armed
attacks on police stations. The state responded hard again,
but at the same time gave amnesty to the rebels who wanted
to surrender. In August 2015, KRM leader Mauk Moruk was
killed during an attack on a KRM camp. Both the KRM and the
CPD-RDTL originally originated from Fretilin, but were
self-satisfied that, in their view, the government did not
do enough for the country's poorest.
In May 2014, Parliament passed a new media law that
imposed severe restrictions on journalists' work and freedom
of expression. An appeals court overturned the law in
August, declaring it to be in violation of the Constitution.
A revised law that also included a number of restrictions on
freedom of expression was signed by the president in
Xanana Gusmão resigned as prime minister in February
2015. His explanation was that he wanted to make room for a
new generation of politicians. Gusmão, however, continued in
government but on the post of Planning and Strategic
Development Minister. Gusmão pointed to former Health
Minister Rui Maria de Araújo as his successor to the Prime
Minister's post. Araújo was good enough from the opposition
party Fretilin, but was. Gusmão a unifying person. The
president followed Gusmão's recommendation and a few days
later appointed Araújo as prime minister.
Francisco Guterres of Fretilin won the presidential
election in March 2017 with 57.1% of the vote. His main
counterpart, António da Conceição of the Democratic Party,
got 32.5%. Guterres had also run in the 2007 and 12
elections, but had been beaten in both elections.
Fretilin's Mari Alkatiri assumed the post of Prime
Minister in September 2017.