Central African Republic 2001
Central African Republic. Since the beginning of the year, the Central African Republic was hit by protest strikes against missing wages to state employees, dismissed President Ange-Félix Patassé in April by Prime Minister Anicet Georges Dologuélé, who held that post for just over a year. Martin Ziguele was appointed new Prime Minister.
A coup attempt in late May led to more than a week’s fighting in the capital Bangui. At least 60 people were killed and 80,000 fled their homes. The coup attempt was defeated with the help of Libyan soldiers sent to the president’s rescue. Behind the coup attempt was former military dictator André Kolingba, who himself fled before he could be arrested.
The conflict again exposed the contradictions between peoples from the southern part of the country and those in the north that led to three army myths since the mid-1990s. During his time as president in 1981-93, Kolingba filled the army with members of his ethnic group Yakoma from the south, while President Patassé surrounded himself with his own people group sara from the north. Later, Patassé reshaped the government and replaced all four ministers responsible for security issues. Also Commander-in-Chief François Bozize was dismissed but refused to resign. When he was arrested, soldiers were loyal to him and a new revolt was imminent. With the help of Libyan soldiers, the army drove away Bozize, who fled to neighboring Chad.
The unrest hurt the already weak economy and the state budget for 2001 slimmed down by 31% in September due to sharply reduced government revenue.
- Abbreviationfinder: lists typical abbreviations and country overview of Central African Republic, including bordering countries, geography, history, politics, and economics.
Touadéra stands for re-election
President Faustin-Archange Touadéra announces that he intends to stand for re-election in the December presidential election. At the same time, there are reports that the election may not be held in time, as, among other things, the registration of voters has been delayed.
Bishops distance themselves from warlords
The bishops of the Central African Republic distance themselves from all armed groups in the country. This is done in an open letter ahead of the presidential election in December. According to the bishops, the warlords have been able to take advantage of the peace agreement that was concluded in 2019 between the government and 14 rebel groups (see February 2019) and which did not lead to peace in the country. They also criticize the government for not doing enough to achieve peace, but put some hope in the government army, which has been rebuilt with the help of the EU and Russia, to be able to make the country more secure.
Samba-Panza is running in the presidential election
Former Interim President Catherine Samba-Panza has announced she will run in the December 27 presidential election. She led the country between 2014 and 2016 after the severe crisis of 2012-2013. She says she made the decision after many people urged her to run.
According to Countryaah, the population of Central African Republic in 2001 was 4,038,271, ranking number 125 in the world. The population growth rate was 2.100% yearly, and the population density was 6.4824 people per km2.