Chad. The year began with fierce fighting between the government army and guerrilla groups in northern Chad. The guerrilla movement MDJT claimed that in a few weeks, 413 soldiers had been killed and, according to the government, more than 120 rebels had lost their lives. President Idriss Déby said that for a few months the war cost the equivalent of SEK 240 million, which was taken out in advance on expected oil revenues. The World Bank accused Déby’s regime of having also used aid to the military, which was denied by the finance minister.
- Abbreviationfinder: lists typical abbreviations and country overview of Chad, including bordering countries, geography, history, politics, and economics.
|Land area||1,284,000 km²|
|Residents per km²||13.1|
|Official language||French, Arabic|
|Income per capita||2,300 USD|
|Currency||CFA franc BEAC|
|ISO 3166 code||TD|
|Time zone UTC||+1|
|Geographic coordinates||15 00 N, 19 00 O|
In the May presidential election, Idriss Déby was awarded just over 67% of the vote. The six opposition candidates accused him of cheating, but international observers said the election seemed to have gone right. The six were arrested by police, released shortly and arrested again after calling on supporters to attend the funeral of a young opposition activist who was killed. They were then charged with kidnapping. The politicians were released when the general strike threatened. During the year, Amnesty International criticized Chad’s regime for serious human rights violations.
In September, the drought-stricken Chad experienced its worst rainfall in 40 years. Many clay houses were washed away and at least ten people were reported killed.
Chad is one of the poorest countries in the world, but large oil reserves have been discovered in the south and oil exports are expected to start in 2003 through an oil pipeline being built on the Cameroon coast.
According to Countryaah, the population of Chad in 2001 was 10,096,522, ranking number 80 in the world. The population growth rate was 3.860% yearly, and the population density was 8.0183 people per km2.