Canada. Lucien Bouchard resigned in January as leader of the separatist Party Québécois (PQ) and was replaced in March by Bernard Landry, who thus also became head of government in Quebec. Landry said upon taking office that his goal was for the province to become independent in 2005, but much indicated that he had no majority behind him on this issue.
Violent protests erupted in the city of Quebec in April in connection with a free trade meeting between 34 North and South American countries. Over 400 protesters were arrested and the police charged with assault.
The populist Canadian Alliance was shaken by severe contradictions in the spring and summer. One triggering factor was the dissatisfaction with the party leader Stockwell Day, who among other things. was accused of showing lack of political judgment. Despite intense pressure from their own, Day refused to resign. Twelve of the alliance’s 66 members of parliament were suspended or left the party. Several of the critics openly advocated a merger with the Progressive Conservative Party, but it was also talked about forming a new party.
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The governing Liberals continued to have good opinion figures, but Prime Minister Jean Chrétien was in blustery weather because of allegations that he had exerted undue pressure on a federal bank in a case where he could be suspected of acting for his own gain. During the spring, all opposition parties demanded an independent investigation into the Prime Minister’s actions.
The provincial election in British Columbia in May meant a stinging defeat for the Social Democratic New Democratic Party (NDP), which received only three terms. Winning did the Liberals.
From the summer, the recessionary economic activity began to become noticeable. The fall accelerated in the fall and thousands of employees across the country were notified of termination.
A new terrorist legislation was passed by Parliament in November. It means that life imprisonment can be sentenced to those planning terrorist attacks and up to 14 years in prison for their followers. It will also be easier for the police to intercept terror suspects, and they may hold people for up to 72 hours without prosecution. Critics have argued that the law imposes excessive restrictions on civil rights.
In April, the government approved the sale of light armored crew carriages to Saudi Arabia worth $ 15 billion. Can. $. This happened in contravention of the UN Arms Trade Treaty, despite Saudi Arabia’s war on Yemen and despite severe criticism of the human rights situation in the country.
In October, Canada and the EU signed the CETA FTA, despite widespread protests in both regions. The agreement was a sister agreement to the TTIP agreement between the EU and the US. Despite considerable opposition in the European trade union movement and in the popular organizations, the EU and later the Union’s individual states ratified the agreement in 2017 so that it could enter into force provisionally in September 2017. The agreement is an anti-democratic instrument that allows disputes between companies and the other state. to be decided by a technocrat panel. Critics pointed out that this would worsen the working environment, environment and consumer protection.
Throughout 2016, Canada welcomed 38,700 Syrian refugees. In April, funding for the federal health program for refugees and asylum seekers was fully restored following the drastic cuts in 2012.
Following the inauguration of Donald Trump as President of the United States in January 2017, a US refugee strike against Canada began. Asylum seekers in the United States who were afraid of being thrown out of the country crossed unguarded border crossings into Canada. Acc. Canada’s legislation obliged the country to accept refugees precisely when they came across unguarded transitions. An unknown number of refugees died in the attempt to cross the snow and ice-covered stretches between the two countries. After 2 years with Trump at the US presidential post, about 30,000 refugees had crossed unmarked border crossings between the two countries. Support groups in Canada and the United States, as well as individuals, were made hate speech for the Canadian radical right. Yet the flow of repression in the United States continued. (The volunteers welcoming refugees on Canada’s ‘new underground railroad’, Guardian 25/12 2018)
In December, the United States escalated the conflict with China and asked Canadian authorities to arrest one of Huawei’s directors, Meng Wanzhou, who was in Canada at the time. The US accused her and Huawei of breaking US sanctions on Iran. An example of the Trump administration having a twisted idea that decrees issued by the President of the United States have legal validity throughout the world. They have not. Still, Canada complied with the US order and arrested Wanzhou. The arrest led to a rapidly cooling relationship between China and Canada. China quickly responded again, arresting two Canadian nationals on charges as absurd as the basis on which Wanzhou had been arrested in Canada. At the same time, the arrest in Canada was a hint of a wagon bar for groups in Europe that continue to trade with Iran – in line with the EU agreement, Russia, the United States and Iran from 2015, but contrary to Trump’s decree. There were strong interests in Israel and Washington that wanted to strangle Iran.
According to Countryaah, the population of Canada in 2001 was 32,164,198, ranking number 35 in the world. The population growth rate was 1.010% yearly, and the population density was 3.5371 people per km2.