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Yearbook 2001

2001 ThailandThailand. The January election gave a grand victory to the newly formed party Thai straight Thai (Thais love Thais). By merging with the Liberal Democratic Party Seritham, Thai got straight Thai's own majority with 262 of the parliament's 500 seats. Two smaller parties, New Hope and the Nation of Thai, also took office in the government.

According to Countryaah, New Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra, one of Thailand's richest men, was brought before the Constitutional Court in June after being indicted for false declaration in late 2000. He did not deny that large amounts had been overwritten on his driver and housekeeper but claimed that it had been done by mistake and without his knowledge. After prompt treatment, the Prime Minister was acquitted. The verdict aroused mixed emotions as Thailand's determination to deal with the corruption can be called into question.

A report from the World Bank in November showed that poverty is rising again in Thailand after the economic crash in 1997. About 16% of the population has only 200 SEK a month to live on, compared to 11% in 1996.

For a few months, a tense relationship between Thailand and Burma prevailed after fighting in the border area. The battles were linked to separatist conflicts and opium trade on the Burmese side. However, after a visit by Shinawatra in Burma and Burmese junta general Khin Nyunt in Thailand, the conflict was considered annex.

2001 Thailand

In the southern part of Thailand, the Muslim separatist movement has the backing of fundamentalist leader Nik Abdulaziz Nikmat who is governor of Kelantan in Malaysia and in opposition to the Malaysian central government led by Mehathir Mohamed. During 93, a series of violent episodes of religious background took place in Thailand.

To strengthen its regional leadership position, Chuan established closer ties with China and Indonesia, and in October, the Thai government officially cut off the assistance it had given the Khmer Rouge in Cambodia since 1979. At the end of the year, there was close contact between Thailand and Brazil with regard to. extradition of Brazilian financier and grand fraud Paulo CÚsar Farias, who was detained in Bangkok in November.

In January 94, the government approved a reform to liberalize banking. The reform opened, among other things. foreign banks could open branches in different cities around the country. In July, a joint oil exploration company consisting of Shell and Total renounced 7 concessions after spending $ 22 million on exploration with no result. The concession area as obtained in 91 covered an area of ​​20,000 km 2 in the northeastern part of the country. Throughout the process, the foreign concessionaires had found only one gas deposit, which was nonetheless not profitable.

1994 was financially characterized by stability and growth, but in the political sphere the situation became increasingly tense. Parliament was disbanded and on July 2, 95 elections were held in advance. It was won by the Thai Nation's Party with 25% of the vote against the Democrats 22%. The leader of the winning party, Banham Silapa-archa formed a new government supported by several of the smaller parties. A constitutional reform proposal triggered a lengthy debate in parliament. The proposal involved a reduction in the size and power of the Senate and a reduction in the voting age to 18 years. However, no final decision could be made due to accusations between the parties and Parliament's general lack of stability in 95.

The Silapa archa government was sharply criticized in the press when it emerged that a number of ministers had been under investigation following the coup in 91. the past to ╗.

Inflation in 95 was 6.5%, which Danmarks Nationalbank characterized as "manageable". With annual population growth of 1.5% and GDP growth of 8.3%, Thailand in 96 remained on the list of economic miracles.

In November 96, Chavalit Yongchaiyudh was appointed new Prime Minister with 125 out of the 393 members of the House of Representatives behind him. Leekpai's party had to settle for 123 seats. Yongchaiyudh eventually got a government coalition that, in addition to his own party, consisted of Chart Pattana with 52 seats, the Social Action Party with 20, Prachakorn Thai with 18 and a few smaller parties.


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