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Central African Republic

Yearbook 2001

Central African Republic. Since the beginning of the year, the Central African Republic was hit by protest strikes against missing wages to state employees, dismissed President Ange-Félix Patassé in April by Prime Minister Anicet Georges Dologuélé, who held that post for just over a year. Martin Ziguele was appointed new Prime Minister.

2001 Central African Republic

A coup attempt in late May led to more than a week's fighting in the capital Bangui. At least 60 people were killed and 80,000 fled their homes. The coup attempt was defeated with the help of Libyan soldiers sent to the president's rescue. Behind the coup attempt was former military dictator André Kolingba, who himself fled before he could be arrested.

According to Countryaah, the conflict again exposed the contradictions between peoples from the southern part of the country and those in the north that led to three army myths since the mid-1990s. During his time as president in 1981-93, Kolingba filled the army with members of his ethnic group Yakoma from the south, while President Patassé surrounded himself with his own people group sara from the north. Later, Patassé reshaped the government and replaced all four ministers responsible for security issues. Also Commander-in-Chief François Bozize was dismissed but refused to resign. When he was arrested, soldiers were loyal to him and a new revolt was imminent. With the help of Libyan soldiers, the army drove away Bozize, who fled to neighboring Chad.

The unrest hurt the already weak economy and the state budget for 2001 slimmed down by 31% in September due to sharply reduced government revenue.

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