Saudi Arabia 2001
Saudi Arabia. Two weeks after the September 11 terrorist attacks against the United States, Saudi Arabia severed its diplomatic ties with the Taliban regime in Afghanistan and gave the United States full support in the fight against terrorism. However, many Saudis joined Usama bin Laden’s forces in Afghanistan. Of the 22 people the United States identified on October 10 as suspected of involvement in terrorist attacks, Usama bin Laden and four others were born in Saudi Arabia. Saudi police arrested a large number of people who were questioned about their possible Islamist sympathies. An American was killed on October 6 when a Palestinian blew himself up in the air in the city of al-Khubar in eastern Saudi Arabia.
During the beginning of the year, several Westerners were injured in blast attacks in various parts of the country. According to the police, they were guilty British guest workers who were dealing in alcohol illegally. During the spring and summer, several Britons who pleaded guilty to TV were arrested. Human rights organizations questioned the circumstances surrounding the recognition.
In May, King Fahd decided to increase the number of members of the advisory congregation majlis ashshura to 120. The king established the congregation with 60 members in 1992 and in 1997 increased the number to 90.
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In May, the government announced that a number of Western oil companies had been contracted for several major natural gas projects worth close to $ 40 billion. In February and March, OPEC, of which Saudi Arabia is the dominant member, reduced its total oil production by 5.6% and then by another 3.7%. The reason was said to be the reduced demand for fuel in the western world. After September 11, oil prices first skyrocketed, but then fell as fuel demand declined due to the uncertain world economic situation. Just before the turn of the year, OPEC decided to further reduce oil production in order to curb further price falls.
At least 35 Muslim pilgrims – 23 women and 12 men – were trampled when panic erupted in a crowd in Mina near the holy city of Mecca on March 5.
King Abdullah died in January 2015 and the throne was taken over by his brother, 79-year-old Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud. Leaders in the West lined up to condole the dictator’s death, and in Britain the government ordered public buildings to flake. This triggered criticism from a wide political spectrum in the country that had difficulty understanding why Britain should pay homage to the medieval country. Britain sent Prime Minister David Cameron to the dictator’s funeral, while Denmark sent Secretary of Defense Nicolai Wammen, expressing Denmark’s significant military contribution to destabilizing the Middle East.
During the pilgrimage to Mecca in September 2015, more than 2,200 people were trampled down or strangled.
In March 2015, Saudi Arabia began war on Yemen after the last remnants of the Haddi dictatorship had been toppled in the country. The Saudis claimed that Yemen’s houthi rebels were backed by Iran, but were unable to substantiate how the Houthis would get weapons through Oman and across the Strait of Hormuz, one of the world’s best guarded waterways, monitored by the United States Navy. The Saudi war was supported by both Egypt, Sudan, Britain and the United States. Saudi Arabia pleaded guilty to serious war crimes during its terror against Yemen. Already in May, surveys conducted by Human Rights Watch revealed that the country had used the banned cluster bombs in its attacks. An October UN study found that of the 2615 civilians who had been since March, over 60% had been killed during Saudi air bombings. The use of cluster bombs continued throughout 2015 and into 2016, prompting UN Secretary-General Ban Ki Moon to declare war crimes to be possible. In January 2016, Saudi aircraft attacked a hospital run by MSF in Sa’ada. At least 6 were killed. It was Israel that already in 2009 introduced the tradition of attacking hospitals. The United States continued it with attacks on MSF hospitals in Afghanistan in 2015, and in 2016 Saudi Arabia joined the tradition. The United States, with the threat of veto, is preventing the UN Security Council from intervening in the conflict. The UN disaster organization OCHA had 21 million. Yeminites in February 2016 need humanitarian assistance as a result of the Saudi war against Yemen and $ 7.6 million. was certainly threatened by hunger.IS groups in Yemen. Already in April 2015, AQAP managed to occupy the southeastern port city of Al Mukalla, after escaping from the Houthi militia for several months.
According to Countryaah, the population of Saudi Arabia in 2001 was 23,816,072, ranking number 47 in the world. The population growth rate was 2.880% yearly, and the population density was 11.0789 people per km2.