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Yearbook 2001

Somalia. According to Countryaah, the provisional government set up at a peace conference in Djibouti in 2000 was difficult to accept by the established militia leaders who have waged war since the early 1990s. At a counter-conference in Addis Ababa in March, these warlords formed the Somali Council for Reconciliation and Reconstruction, which they described as a more representative government.

2001 Somalia

During the year, fierce fighting between Bay, Bakol and Kismayu in Somalia's southern parts took place between the UN-backed provisional government troops and the militia's militia forces. The government made an attempt to mark a clear presence, at least in the capital Mogadishu, by letting a new police force patrol the streets and by starting to collect taxes from the city's merchants, who were the new state's most eager accelerators. But also in Mogadishu large areas were out of reach of the new government's representatives.

The Provisional Government's claim to represent the whole of Somalia also indirectly contributed to the unrest in the Puntland region in the Northeast, which without ruling Somalia had ruled itself for several years, and in Somaliland, which reaffirmed its unanimously declared independence in a referendum in May. The presence of several people from Puntland and Somaliland in the provisional parliament in Mogadishu, and in the government, prompted pressure from the central government to reinstate the outbreak regions. This sparked a power struggle in both regions.

In October, the government's inability to make peace led to a fall in parliamentary distrust. New Prime Minister after Ali Khalif Galaydh became Hassan Abshir Farah.

After so many years of conflict, news from Somalia is difficult to reach in the international media. Not even alarm signals from UN agencies about imminent mass violence due to lack of rain in the southern parts of the country caused a major reaction in the outside world. By contrast, Somalia was once again caught in the eye after the terrorist attacks in the United States on September 11, when Somalia was designated as one of the countries suspected of harboring terrorists. The country's largest corporation, al-Barakaat, which, among other things, runs a kind of banking business, had its accounts blocked at the request of the United States for alleged cash flow to terrorists to be strangled. The measure deprived millions of overseas Somalis, even in Sweden, of sending money to relatives in their home country, where ordinary banks are missing.

Somalia - Mogadishu


Mogadishu, capital of Somalia; 1. 7 million residents (2015), including suburbs. Mogadishu had strong population growth in the 1990s because parts of the rural population sought shelter in the city from the Civil War. The city, which is located on the Indian Ocean, is, under normal conditions, a major export port, including for bananas and hides, and has an international airport. It is also a university education center (founded in 1954). Clashes between the country's political groups escalated during the 1990s, and large parts of central Mogadishu were damaged during the fighting.

After 2011, when the Islamist movement al-Shabab withdrew, reconstruction work was started by foreign-based Somalis and local authorities with the support of, among others, Turkey. In 2017, the city center was hit by an extensive terrorist attack when a truck with explosives exploded and several hundred people perished.


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