Thailand 2001

Yearbook 2001

Thailand. The January election gave a grand victory to the newly formed party Thai straight Thai (Thais love Thais). By merging with the Liberal Democratic Party Seritham, Thai got straight Thai’s own majority with 262 of the parliament’s 500 seats. Two smaller parties, New Hope and the Nation of Thai, also took office in the government.

New Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra, one of Thailand’s richest men, was brought before the Constitutional Court in June after being indicted for false declaration in late 2000. He did not deny that large amounts had been overwritten on his driver and housekeeper but claimed that it had been done by mistake and without his knowledge. After prompt treatment, the Prime Minister was acquitted. The verdict aroused mixed emotions as Thailand’s determination to deal with the corruption can be called into question.

A report from the World Bank in November showed that poverty is rising again in Thailand after the economic crash in 1997. About 16% of the population has only 200 SEK a month to live on, compared to 11% in 1996.

  • Abbreviationfinder: lists typical abbreviations and country overview of Thailand, including bordering countries, geography, history, politics, and economics.

For a few months, a tense relationship between Thailand and Burma prevailed after fighting in the border area. The battles were linked to separatist conflicts and opium trade on the Burmese side. However, after a visit by Shinawatra in Burma and Burmese junta general Khin Nyunt in Thailand, the conflict was considered annex.

In the southern part of Thailand, the Muslim separatist movement has the backing of fundamentalist leader Nik Abdulaziz Nikmat who is governor of Kelantan in Malaysia and in opposition to the Malaysian central government led by Mehathir Mohamed. During 93, a series of violent episodes of religious background took place in Thailand.

To strengthen its regional leadership position, Chuan established closer ties with China and Indonesia, and in October, the Thai government officially cut off the assistance it had given the Khmer Rouge in Cambodia since 1979. At the end of the year, there was close contact between Thailand and Brazil with regard to. extradition of Brazilian financier and grand fraud Paulo César Farias, who was detained in Bangkok in November.

In January 94, the government approved a reform to liberalize banking. The reform opened, among other things. foreign banks could open branches in different cities around the country. In July, a joint oil exploration company consisting of Shell and Total renounced 7 concessions after spending $ 22 million on exploration with no result. The concession area as obtained in 91 covered an area of ​​20,000 km 2 in the northeastern part of the country. Throughout the process, the foreign concessionaires had found only one gas deposit, which was nonetheless not profitable.

1994 was financially characterized by stability and growth, but in the political sphere the situation became increasingly tense. Parliament was disbanded and on July 2, 95 elections were held in advance. It was won by the Thai Nation’s Party with 25% of the vote against the Democrats 22%. The leader of the winning party, Banham Silapa-archa formed a new government supported by several of the smaller parties. A constitutional reform proposal triggered a lengthy debate in parliament. The proposal involved a reduction in the size and power of the Senate and a reduction in the voting age to 18 years. However, no final decision could be made due to accusations between the parties and Parliament’s general lack of stability in 95.

The Silapa archa government was sharply criticized in the press when it emerged that a number of ministers had been under investigation following the coup in 91. the past to ».

Inflation in 95 was 6.5%, which Danmarks Nationalbank characterized as “manageable”. With annual population growth of 1.5% and GDP growth of 8.3%, Thailand in 96 remained on the list of economic miracles.

In November 96, Chavalit Yongchaiyudh was appointed new Prime Minister with 125 out of the 393 members of the House of Representatives behind him. Leekpai’s party had to settle for 123 seats. Yongchaiyudh eventually got a government coalition that, in addition to his own party, consisted of Chart Pattana with 52 seats, the Social Action Party with 20, Prachakorn Thai with 18 and a few smaller parties.

September

Protests outside parliament

September 24

New protests erupt when, after a debate, Parliament decides to postpone the formation of a committee to review the proposed constitutional amendments demanded by the protesters.

Plaque against the monarchy challenges

September 21st

Tens of thousands of people, mostly young people, gather for another weekend in the streets of Bangkok to demonstrate against the government and against the laws of majesty. A group of activists put up a plaque with the text “this country belongs to the people, not the king” at the historic Sanam Luang field near the Royal Palace in central Bangkok. The plaque alludes to a similar plaque that was erected to mark the fall of the absolute monarchy in 1932, but which was taken down when the current king took office in 2017 and was replaced with royalist text. The gesture is perceived as perhaps the strongest expression so far against the monarchy and the plaque is quickly removed by the authorities. The protests are largely leaderless and are inspired by the protests in Hong Kong.

The first corona fall in a hundred days

September 3

Thailand gets its first confirmed case of coronary heart disease after a hundred days without the spread of the coronavirus. A Thai man in Bangkok has been tested positive for the coronavirus. The man is imprisoned for drug offenses. Infection tracing is ongoing but no more cases have been found.

Population 2001

According to Countryaah, the population of Thailand in 2001 was 65,416,078, ranking number 19 in the world. The population growth rate was 0.770% yearly, and the population density was 128.0436 people per km2.

Thailand Population Graph

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