Republic of the Congo 2001
Congo. A month-long national dialogue aimed at healing the wounds after the civil war in the 1990s ended with a conference in Brazzaville in April. The participants formulated a proposal for a new constitution with a strong presidential power. However, several opposition politicians boycotted the conference, including former President Pascal Lissouba.
Lissouba was sentenced in December in his absence to punishment for 30 years and to pay a fine of SEK 350 million for treason and corruption. Four former ministers were also sentenced, in their absence, to 20 years in prison. According to the indictments, the former top politicians had sold oil to a US company well below market price and stopped earnings in their own pocket.
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Severe floods in northern Congo-Brazzaville
Heavy rains have led to severe flooding in northern Congo-Brazzaville and 83,000 people are in need of emergency assistance, according to the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (WFP). It has been raining almost non-stop since July, and there is great concern that other districts will be affected by the Congo and Ubangi rivers for a long time. These are the most severe floods in the area in 20 years. In early November, the government stated that there was a humanitarian emergency and appealed for help from the outside world.
Opposition leader Mokoko returns from Turkey
Opposition politician and general Jean-Marie Michel Mokoko returns to her homeland after receiving treatment in Turkey (see July 2020). He is then taken to a military hospital in Brazzaville. A source tells the news agency AFP that he should be sent back to prison after undergoing a health check.
30 years of penal servitude for poaching
A man from Congo-Kinshasa is sentenced to 30 years of forced labor for, among other things, poaching of forest elephants in the Nouabale Ndoki National Park in Congo-Brazzaville. He is convicted of killing endangered animals, hunting with military weapons, smuggling ivory, attempted murder of park rangers and belonging to a criminal organization. The man is suspected of having led expeditions since 2008 that may have killed as many as 500 elephants in total. It is the first sentence of its kind in the country, previously the maximum penalty for such crimes was a maximum of five years in prison. The 4,000-square-kilometer Nouabale Ndoki National Park was created in 1993. It has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 2012.
According to Countryaah, the population of Republic of the Congo in 2001 was 3,622,664, ranking number 128 in the world. The population growth rate was 2.980% yearly, and the population density was 10.6084 people per km2.