Qatar. Qatar’s border dispute with Bahrain was resolved on March 16, when the International Court of Justice in The Hague granted Qatar sovereignty over the city of az-Zubara and a land strip in the northern part of the country. Bahrain was granted sovereignty over the Hawar Islands, including the reefs Diba and Jarada. Both parties said they were satisfied with the outcome. Qatar had reported the border dispute to the court in 1994. In March, Qatar also reached a final agreement with Saudi Arabia on how the border between them should be drawn.
In May, 19 people, including the emir’s cousin Hamad bin Jasim bin Hamad ath-Thani, were sentenced to death for participating in a failed coup attempt in 1996. 26 others were sentenced to life imprisonment. Following the September 9 terrorist attacks in the United States, Qatar formally joined the US counter-terrorism coalition, but did not contribute militarily.
- Abbreviationfinder: lists typical abbreviations and country overview of Qatar, including bordering countries, geography, history, politics, and economics.
The popular and relatively independent Arabic-language TV channel al-Jazira (‘peninsula’), based in Qatar, came to play an important role as a source for Western media as well. According to the United States, the Taliban used the channel as a propaganda tool. Trade ministers from 142 countries met at the WTO (World Trade Organization) meeting in Doha November 9-14. The meeting ended without interruption.
Qatar and the United Arab Emirates agreed in March to cooperate in the extraction of natural gas from Qatar’s giant northern gas field. The gas will be directed to Adu Dhabi, the richest of the United Emirates, to be refined there. The agreement was the first of its kind between two members of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC).
According to Countryaah, the population of Qatar in 2001 was 865,305, ranking number 158 in the world. The population growth rate was 7.870% yearly, and the population density was 74.5406 people per km2.