Nicaragua. Former Sandinist leader and Nicaragua president during the 1980s Daniel Ortega failed to regain power on a democratic path in the November presidential election. Ortega, who led the polls as late as August, was defeated by the Conservative Party PLC’s candidate Enrique Bolaños.
The presidential election was held in the light of strikes and the financial crisis in the important coffee sector and overshadowed most of what happened in Nicaragua during the year. President Arnoldo Alemán, for example, argued that the strikes were part of a Sandinist plan to destabilize the country and provoke a social explosion. He also accused the Sandinists of exaggerating for political purposes the damage caused by the severe drought in the middle of the year. The drought, which hit all of Central America, resulted in halved harvest for 45,000 farmer families in western Nicaragua.
- Abbreviationfinder: lists typical abbreviations and country overview of Nicaragua, including bordering countries, geography, history, politics, and economics.
In August, an underground prison north of the capital Managua was unveiled, where the Sandin government in 1981, with the then interior minister’s good memory, must have executed 37 political prisoners, but the Sandinists dismissed the charges as malicious election tactics directed against Ortega’s presidential campaign.
In days 16-23. In May a national dialogue was held between government, opposition and the popular organizations protesting against the government. The Ortega regime made a number of concessions, but the opposition insisted on its demand for Ortega’s departure. The dialogue therefore broke down and during a demonstration on May 30 organized by the mothers of killed protesters, another 15 were killed. The massacre caused the fighting to flare up all over the country – especially in the larger cities. Masaya 26km south of the capital Managua was occupied by armed protesters. A special thorn in the eye of the FSLN, for it was from there the final offensive against the Somoza dictatorship in July 1979 was initiated. The fighting escalated with over 300 killed by the end of June. (Nicaragua’s Sandinista stronghold is a city ‘at war’ with the president, the Guardian7/6 2018. Nicaragua President Daniel Ortega to stand firm despite violence, Guardian 4/7 2018. Capitalist Development in Nicaragua and the Mirage of the Left, Trouth Out, 18/5 2018. 2018 Nicaragua protests, Wikipedia. Shoot to kill. Nicaragua’s strategy to repress protest, Amnesty International May 2018)
According to Countryaah, the population of Nicaragua in 2001 was 5,438,579, ranking number 109 in the world. The population growth rate was 1.420% yearly, and the population density was 45.1944 people per km2.