Montenegro 2001

Typical Montenegrin cuisine!

There are many delicious fish dishes near bodies of water, for example at Lake Skadar. The fish is prepared together with fruit or vegetables. Frying or baking the fish is common. But there are also unusual-sounding dishes such as eel on a stick.

In the mountains of Montenegro, people like to eat hearty. There is a lot of cheese and meat. Fruits and vegetables are not so easy to grow at high altitudes and are therefore less likely to be served. Mountain dishes such as kacamak are famous. It’s polenta with potatoes and a certain cheese.

  • Abbreviationfinder: lists typical abbreviations and country overview of Montenegro, including bordering countries, geography, history, politics, and economics.

Country data

Area: 13,812 km2 (world rank: 157)

Population: 622,000

Population density: 45 per km2 (as of 2017, world rank: 163)

Capital: Podgorica

Official languages: Montenegrin

Gross domestic product: 4.8 billion euros; Real growth: 4.3%

Gross national product (GNP, per resident and year): 7,350 US$

Currency: 1 euro (Euro) = 100 cents


Charlottenstr. 35
36, 10117 Berlin
Telephone 030 51651070,
Fax 030 516510712

Head of State: Milo Dukanovic, Head of Government: Dusko Markovic, Outside: Srdan Darmanovic

National holiday: 13.7. (Independence 1878 and uprising against German occupation 1941)

Administrative structure
23 municipalities

State and form of government
Constitution of 2007
Parliament (Skupstina) with 81 members; Election every 4 years
Direct election of the head of state every 5 years (one re-election)
Suffrage from 18 years of age

Population of: Montenegrins, last census 2011: 620,029 residents
45% Montenegrins, 29% Serbs, 9% Bosniaks, 5% Albanian

Cities (with population): (As of 2011) Podgorica 150,977 pop., Niksic 56,970, Pljevlja 19,136, Cetinje 13,918, Bar 13,503, Budva 13,338

Religions: 72% Orthodox, 19% Muslim, 3% Catholics; Minorities of Jews (as of 2006)

Languages: Montenegrin; Recognized minority languages: Albanian, Romani, Bosnian, Croatian.

Workers according to the
agricultural sector. 8%, industry 18%, business 74% (2017)

Unemployment (in% of the labor force)
2017: 16.1%

Inflation rate (in%): 2017: 2.4%

Foreign trade: Import: 2.6 billion US $ (2017); Export: US $ 0.4 billion (2017)

Population 2001

According to Countryaah, the population of Montenegro in 2001 was 616,280, ranking number 165 in the world. The population growth rate was 0.090% yearly, and the population density was 45.8283 people per km2.

Montenegro Population Graph

Danilo died in 1735 and his nephew Sava succeeded him by election. His very long government (1735-82) is characterized by the contrast between the Russophile and the Venetian political tendencies. Sava remains fundamentally faithful to Venice, but, of a docile and pious nature, entirely devoted to religion, he is unable to assert himself or his politics. Thus it happens that a relative of his, the vladika, takes over the government Basilio (1752-1766), intriguing, ambitious and simulator who knows very well how to exploit the widespread sympathies that the population had for Russia. Dead Basil, still living Sava, an enigmatic figure of adventurer appears on the scene of Montenegrin history, known under the name of Šćepan Mali (Stephen the Little), who, pretending to be Tsar Peter III of Russia and continuing the political directives of Basilio, despite the aversion of Russia and Venice, manages to dominate Montenegro until 1773. Even after the disappearance of Šćepan Mali, Sava cannot take back the reins of the government, exercised by the governors, members of the Radonić family, who, almost continuing the Venetian governors, they had made this office a hereditary prerogative of their family.

Quite different from Sava is the strong political temperament of Peter I (1782-1830). He begins by affirming the power of the vladika in front of the governors and on the outside he confronts, and in the bloody battle of Krusa (1796) he defeats and gets rid of, the Shkoder Pasha Maḥmüd Bushātī, a very enemy of Montenegro.

From 1797 to 1814 all his efforts were concentrated on obtaining the Bocche di Cattaro, which after the fall of the Republic of Venice had remained without a sovereign. To obtain them, the vladiha fights valiantly on the side of Russia against the French, especially in the wars of the V and VI coalition, but nothing can be achieved, as the Congress of Vienna in 1815 assigns them to Austria. Peter I was responsible for the first codification of Montenegrin law, which took place in 1798 with the promulgation of the Zakonik.

You may also like...