Madagascar. Parliament’s first chamber, the Senate, was reinstated after several years of residence. Only mayors and members of provincial assemblies were allowed to take part in the election of 60 members, and the House was largely dominated by the Arema government. President Didier Ratsiraka appointed another 30 members.
In the presidential election that took place in December, surprising company manager Marc Ravalomanana received the most votes in the first round. Ravalomanana, who is also mayor of the capital Antananarivo, got just over 46% against 40% for President Ratsiraka. The result meant that the election had to be decided in a second round of 2002.
- Abbreviationfinder: lists typical abbreviations and country overview of Madagascar, including bordering countries, geography, history, politics, and economics.
Famine in southern Madagascar
After three years of severe drought, half the population (approximately 1.5 million people) in southern Madagascar is starving, reports the United Nations World Food Program (WFP). That is three times more hungry than WFP predicted in mid-2020. In the hardest-hit area, Amboasary, three out of four children have left school to help parents find food instead. Madagascar has one of the highest proportions of short children in the world, a result of chronic malnutrition.
Prison for criticism of cures
Opposition politician Harry Laurent Rahajason, a former communications minister, has been sentenced to three years in prison for criticizing President Rajoelina’s herb brew, which is alleged to cure covid-19. The brew has not been scientifically tested and the World Health Organization WHO has on several occasions warned against spreading and using it. Rahajason has been accused by two young people of urging them to protest against the brew. The young people were arrested in July by a road where they hung up a banner with text criticizing the brew. Madagascar has had just over 16,400 inhabitants who tested positive for the coronavirus and at least 232 who died with covid-19. Rahajason is the third opposition politician to be arrested in a short time.
According to Countryaah, the population of Madagascar in 2001 was 18,336,613, ranking number 58 in the world. The population growth rate was 3.070% yearly, and the population density was 31.5175 people per km2.