Liberia. In May, the UN imposed a series of sanctions against Liberia as punishment for its support for the rebel movement RUF in Sierra Leone. All trade in Liberian diamonds was banned, as well as arms sales to the country. High representatives of Liberia’s government and armed forces were prohibited from traveling abroad. According to the UN, L’s diamond export was six times greater than its own production. The surplus was estimated to consist of illegally mined diamonds from Sierra Leone, which financed RUF’s continued armed activity in violation of the 1999 peace agreement. The sanctions would continue to be in force for one year.
The relationship with Guinea, which has been strained for several years due to rebel movements in the border area, deteriorated again in February. L. accused Guinea and Sierra Leone of supporting Liberian rebels who attacked cities and villages in Lofa County in the northwestern part of the country. Ambassadors from both countries were expelled from Liberia. Clashes also occurred between Liberia’s and Guinea’s regular armies. The conflict threatened to develop into a regional major war. The fighting drove thousands of civilians into flight.
- Abbreviationfinder: lists typical abbreviations and country overview of Liberia, including bordering countries, geography, history, politics, and economics.
The Swedish ship Alnar was caught in the eye in June when, with about 150 Liberian refugees aboard, it traveled along the West African coast for several weeks before being allowed into port in Lagos, Nigeria. The ship was not allowed to take passengers, and the conditions on board were unbearable. The Swedish captain claimed that the authorities in Liberia forced him to take the refugees on board.
The fighting in the border area improved after a few months but flared up again towards the end of the year, now however as an internal Liberian conflict.
According to Countryaah, the population of Liberia in 2001 was 3,218,005, ranking number 133 in the world. The population growth rate was 2.470% yearly, and the population density was 33.4107 people per km2.