Latvia. At the beginning of the year, Swedish TV 3 aired the controversial movie “Buy Bye Beauty” about prostitution in L.A. that there are up to 18,000 prostitutes, that cops are customers and that the low wages in the country drive people into prostitution. L’s ambassador to Sweden protested at the Swedish Film Institute which supported the production. Latvian Interior Minister Marek Seglins was very upset over some of the claims in the film, and his department was considering suing the Swedish director for the content.
The Latvian nurses’ trade unions conducted extensive protest demonstrations in the spring and demanded substantial salary increases. A planned strike in health care was averted in June by the government’s decision to increase funding for the healthcare sector. This enabled a salary increase to 84 lati (about SEK 1,350) a month for the nurses who previously earned between 50 and 60 lati.
Prior to the EU summit in Gothenburg in June, L. had made great strides in the negotiations for EU membership and had largely reached the former sealing group among the candidate countries. In addition to the Gothenburg meeting, the government also made decisions that were suitable to facilitate integration for the Russian-speaking minority in L. The fee for applying for citizenship was lowered and the high school’s language degree in Latvian was approved as equivalent to the language test everyone must pass in order to become a citizen.
- Abbreviationfinder: lists typical abbreviations and country overview of Latvia, including bordering countries, geography, history, politics, and economics.
|Gross domestic product (GDP)||$ 54,020,000,000|
|GDP growth rate||4.50%|
|GDP per capita||$ 27,700|
|GDP by sector|
|Proportion of the population below the national poverty line||–|
|Distribution of household income|
|Industrial production growth rate||2.60%|
|Investment volume||21.3% of GDP|
|National debt||36.30% of GDP|
|Foreign exchange reserves||$ 3,595,000,000|
However, some parts of EU adaptation still require major efforts, including: in justice and anti-corruption. President Vaira Vīke-Freiberga said during the year that corruption is the single largest barrier to development for L.
On June 14, in L.A., the deportation of the Soviet occupation force in 1941 was commemorated by just over 15,000 letters. In August, several happy anniversaries were celebrated instead. The capital of Riga celebrated 800 years with about half a million visitors, including a number of foreign dignitaries, including King of Sweden, Carl Gustaf. In addition, L. celebrated the tenth anniversary of the country’s independence from the Soviet Union.
At the same time, a political crisis was triggered by the Riga City Council, since an old statue of the Russian czar Peter the Great suddenly appeared in one of the city’s parks. The Nationalist Party of Fosterland and Freedom left the city government in protest, demanding the departure of the Social Democratic mayor. This one remained docked. The Tsar statue, which was first inaugurated in Riga in 1910, was relocated from the city center to a warehouse.
At the end of the year, Konrad Kalejs, 88, died in Australia before being extradited to L., where he was suspected of war crimes on the part of the Nazis during World War II. With Kalei’s death, the hope of bringing someone alive led to trial for these crimes disappeared.
According to Countryaah, the population of Latvia in 2001 was 2,251,882, ranking number 142 in the world. The population growth rate was -1.130% yearly, and the population density was 36.2057 people per km2.