Cyprus. The tension between the island’s internationally recognized part, ruled by Greek Cypriots, and the occupied northern part, ruled by Turkish Cypriots, eased in December as the parties’ respective leaders dined together, first at home with Turkish Cypriot leader Rauf Denktash on December 5 and then at home with the president of Cyprus. Glafkos Klerides December 29.
In the May 27 parliamentary elections, the Communist Party AKEL (Workers’ Progress Party) took 35% of the vote, giving the party a victory by just under one percentage point over the ruling DISY (Democratic Assembly). AKEL increased its mandate in parliament from 19 to 20, while DISY and DIKO (the Democratic Party) lost one mandate each and stayed on 19 and 9 of the 56 seats, respectively. Cyprus’s governance means that the composition of the government was not affected by the outcome of the election.
In the self-proclaimed republic of Northern Cyprus, the head of government Derviş Eroğlu and his party, the National Unity Party, jumped in May by the government coalition and formed a new government together with the DP (Democratic Party).
- Abbreviationfinder: lists typical abbreviations and country overview of Cyprus, including bordering countries, geography, history, politics, and economics.
The Cypriot government was sentenced in the European Court of Human Rights on May 23 for the arrest of nine Turkish Cypriots without legal support by the Cypriot police. The government was ordered to pay 20,000 Cypriot pounds to each of the nine.
In March 2009, 10 police officers were acquitted of mistreating two students in December 2005. The acquittal garnered international attention as video footage of police mistreatment of the two handcuffed young men existed.
The election in Northern Cyprus in April 2009 was won by the right-wing National Unity Party, which advocated independence for Northern Cyprus. Its leader, Derviş Eroğlu, was in April 2010 appointed as “president” of Northern Cyprus. This cementing of the divide between the two parts of the island was a response to the Greek Cypriot central government’s opposition to negotiations and reconciliation.
The Conservative Party DISY won the parliamentary elections in May 2011 with 34.3% of the vote. An increase of 3.8%. However, it was closely followed by the Communist Party AKEL, which gained 32.7%. An increase of 1.4%. The election was accelerated after the DIKO party left the coalition government with AKEL in August 2010.
In July 2011, an ammunition depot at Evangelos Florakis naval base in southern Cyprus burst into the air. The explosion threw the country into an economic and political crisis. The depot consisted of 98 containers of weapons and explosives. They had arrived at the base in 2009 after pirates from the United States Navy had captured a Cypriot-registered ship in the Red Sea, sailing weapons from Iran to Syria. The US and Britain had subsequently put pressure on Cyprus to confiscate the weapons shipment, but it was rejected by Cyprus, which did not want a diplomatic conflict with Syria. Cyprus instead called on Britain and the United States to remove the weapons, which the two states also rejected. The explosion cost 13 people alive and wounded hundreds more. At the same time, it destroyed the country’s largest power plant, which accounted for half of the electricity supply. As a direct political consequence, the Secretary of Defense and the Chief of Army resigned. But the incident also triggered demonstrations demanding the departure of the president. An independent report in October laid the main responsibility for the explosion on the president, and at the same time called on the prosecutor to open a case against him. The cost of the explosion rose to about $ 2.8 billion. US $.
Refugee conditions are regularly violated in the country. In July 2011, 35 police officers attacked refugees detained at Larnaca police station. They were bitched and verbally abusive. Amnesty International criticized the detention of rejected asylum seekers in prisons. Two wings of the central prison in Nicosia were then set up to house rejected asylum seekers. It is in violation of the Refugee Convention.
Large gas deposits were located in the underground 175 km south of Cyprus, internationally recognized as part of Cyprus. However, not by Turkey, which in 2011 threatened to deploy its fleet if Cyprus initiated the exploration of the gas fields. However, it was at first threatened. Cyprus began trial drilling in the same year without being attacked by Turkey’s navy.
On April 7, 2012, Cypriot police and the country’s terror corps attacked a house in the buffer zone, arresting 28 – including middle-aged – peace activists. The activists were beaten by the police and one in attendance was able to report that the police action had been illegal as no court order was presented.
In June 2012, Cyprus joined a number of EU countries that were experiencing payment difficulties as a result of the economic crisis. At the same time, Fitch downgraded the nation’s government bonds to junk status. In March 2013, the EU signed an agreement with the Cypriot government to divide the country’s second largest bank into 2 – a “bad” and a “good” bank. In return, the country was granted DKK 10 billion. € by the European Union, the European Central Bank and the IMF. In addition, the country was to shave off unsecured deposits in its banks. These were mainly the deposits of Russian criminals, who have largely used Cyprus as a tax haven.
According to Countryaah, the population of Cyprus in 2001 was 1,027,551, ranking number 155 in the world. The population growth rate was 1.730% yearly, and the population density was 111.2188 people per km2.