Botswana. In January, a controversial death sentence was set by an appeals jury with judges from the Commonwealth. A white South African woman had been convicted of refusing to murder her girlfriend for the purpose of marrying her husband. The convicted man was executed in March by hanging. The case was intensely debated, and the head of the country’s television resigned in protest that the government had banned him from sending a documentary about the trial and execution.
- Abbreviationfinder: lists typical abbreviations and country overview of Botswana, including bordering countries, geography, history, politics, and economics.
In November, President Mogae criticized Zimbabwe’s leaders for the methods used to transfer land from white landowners to black citizens.
The effects of the HIV epidemic continued to plague Botswana, which has the highest proportion of HIV infected in the world. A total of about 300,000 of the country’s 1.5 million. residents were estimated to carry HIV. In ten years, the average life expectancy in Botswana has dropped from about 65 years to 39 years, according to official US estimates.
The country’s largest diamond company, Debswana, with 6,000 employees, decided during the year to continue to account for 90% of the cost of brake medication for HIV-infected workers and their partners. The diamond industry accounts for 80% of Botswana’s export revenue and half of the state’s revenue.
According to Countryaah, the population of Botswana in 2001 was 1,798,967, ranking number 147 in the world. The population growth rate was 1.830% yearly, and the population density was 3.1745 people per km2.