Albania is one of the most unknown travel destinations in Europe. The country became almost completely isolated from the outside world during the post-World War Cold War. Almost half a century of isolation preserved the country in many ways as a non-highway travel destination.
- Abbreviationfinder: lists typical abbreviations and country overview of Albania, including bordering countries, geography, history, politics, and economics.
Albania. At the beginning of the year, the two largest parties, the Socialists and the Democratic Party PDS, agreed on a code of conduct for the June and July parliamentary elections. The electoral movement also became the most peaceful after the fall of communism. In particular, it was noted that the PDS leader and former President Sali Berisha, whose party formed an alliance with three other opposition parties, abstained from confrontational politics. But when it became clear that the socialists had won, he refused to accept the result. The Socialists returned slightly compared to the 1997 elections, but retained their majority. The party received 41% of the vote and 73 of the 140 seats in Parliament, which was reduced from the previous 155 seats. Prime Minister Ilir Meta formed a new government in early September. The Democratic Party and its allies boycotted Parliament when it rallied.
In a report, the United Nations Environment Agency UNEP identified several severely polluted areas in Albania.
Area: 28,748 km2 (world rank: 141)
Population density: 100 per km2 (as of 2017, world rank: 137)
Official languages: Albanian
Gross domestic product: 13.0 billion US $; Real growth: 3.8%
Gross national product (GNP, per resident and year): 4320 US$
Currency: 1 Lek = 100 Qindarka
Friedrichstr. 231, 10969 Berlin
Telephone 030 25930400,
Fax 030 25931890
Head of State: Ilir Rexhep Meta, Head of Government: Edi Rama, Outside: Ditmir Bushati
National Day: 11/28 (Independence Day and Liberation Day 1944)
State and form of government
Constitution of 1998
Parliamentary secular republic
Parliament (Kuvendi i Shqipërisë) with 140 members, election every 4 years
Election of the head of state by parliament every 5 years (single re-election) Right to
vote from 18 yrs.
Population: Albanians, last census 2011: 2,800,138 residents
over 95% Albanians (Tosken and Gegen), minorities of Greeks, Aromanians, Macedonians, Montenegrins, Roma, Bosniaks, Balkan-Egyptians
Cities (with population): (Status 2011) Tirana 418,495 inh., Durrës (Durazzo) 113,249, Vlora (Valona) 79,513, Elbasan 78,703, Shkodra (Skutari) 74,876, Fier 55,845, Korça (Koritza) 51,152, Berat 36,496
Religions: 57% Muslims (mostly Sunnis), 10% Catholics, 7% Orthodox, 2% followers of the Bektashi order (status: 2006)
Languages: Albanian; Minority languages: Greek, Aromanian, Macedonian, Montenegrin, Romanes, Bosnian
Employees by economic sector: Agriculture. 40%, industry 19%, business. 41% (2017)
Unemployment (in% of all labor force): 2017: 13.9%
Inflation rate (in%): 2017: 2.0%
Foreign trade: Import: 5.3 billion US $ (2017); Export: US $ 2.3 billion (2017)
In Albania there is a subtropical Mediterranean winter rainy climate (Mediterranean climate) with an annual average temperature of 16 ° C and an annual total rainfall of almost 1200 millimeters.
According to Countryaah, the population of Albania in 2001 was 3,086,699, ranking number 134 in the world. The population growth rate was -0.270% yearly, and the population density was 112.6573 people per km2.