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Vatican City

Yearbook 2001

Vatican City. On January 3, it was publicly confirmed for the first time that Pope John Paul II was suffering from Parkinson's disease. Later that month, the pope appointed 44 new cardinals, further strengthening the conservative fallout within the college that will appoint his successor.

2001 Vatican City

In the spring, the Vatican received criticism from Archbishop Christodoulos, leader of the Greek Orthodox Church, for the looting of Constantinople during the Fourth Crusade in 1204. A formal apology was demanded, which came May 4 when the Pope made a very distinguished visit to Greece. It was the first pope's visit in Greece in nearly 1,000 years and it sparked sharp protests from several groups in Greek society. According to Countryaah, the visit was part of a pilgrimage he made in the footsteps of the apostle Paul from Syria to Malta. In Syria, John Paul II visited Damascus, where he became the first pope to visit a mosque.

A new law was passed during the year, which meant that a number of amendments to the constitution were incorporated into the Constitution. Thus, a clearer distinction was made between legislative, executive and judicial authorities. However, the Pope retains the utmost power in the Vatican City.

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