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Yearbook 2001

Syria. According to Countryaah, thirteen of the country's leading regime critics were arrested in August and September accused of trying in various ways to counter the country's leadership. Among those arrested were Mamun al-Humsi and Riyad Sayf, MPs, as well as Riyad at-Turk, secretary general of the regime-critical faction of Syria's Communist Party. al-Humsi and Sayf were tried in the fall, but no one came.

122 other political prisoners were pardoned and released in mid-November. Among them were members of the Syrian Communist Labor Party, the Muslim Brotherhood and the Iraqi branch of the Socialist Bath Party. Some of them had been incarcerated for 20 years. According to human rights organizations, 1,200 political prisoners remain in Syrian prisons.

About 160 of the 177 member states of the UN General Assembly voted Syria into the UN Security Council on October 8. Syria will take up the Council in January 2002.

Britain's Prime Minister Tony Blair, during a visit to Syria on October 31, appealed to President Bashar al-Asad to stop the activities of militia groups such as the PFLP (People's Front for the Liberation of Palestine) from Syrian territory. al-Asad defended the groups' activities.

On December 10, al-Asad ordered the entire government to resign. The background was, of course, to judge the failed economic policy. However, the ministers had to retain their jobs until Prime Minister Muhammad Mustafa Miro had formed a new government.

2001 Syria

In early February 2006, protesters set fire to the Danish embassy in Damascus in response to Denmark's anti-Muslim campaign led by the Jutland Post. The embassies of Norway, Sweden and Chile in the same building were exposed to minor damage in connection with. fire. A week later, Denmark closed its embassy in the country, accusing the Syrian authorities of not wanting to guarantee the safety of the Danish embassy staff.

In May 2007, Bashar al-Assad was re-elected for a new 7-year term as president. Since he had no counter-candidates, he got 97.62% of the vote.

In August, al-Assad declared that Syria would be content with the return of the entire Golan area occupied by Israel since 1967. «Our desire for peace does not mean that we are giving up our rights. We only accept that the area that was ours until June 4, 1967 is returned. " The declaration was a prelude to a possible resumption of peace talks with Israel that had been interrupted since 2000.

On September 6, 2007, Israel attacked an installation in the Deir ez-Zor province with fighter jets. Syria claimed it was an abandoned military facility. Israel claimed it was a nuclear reactor under construction by North Korean engineers. Syria invited foreign journalists to visit, and they saw nothing but an abandoned camp. Observers afterwards pointed out that the bombing could be an exercise before a possible Israeli air strike on Iran's nuclear installations. In 1981, Israel bombed a civilian nuclear reactor in Iraq.

Hezbollah's military commander, Imad Mughniyeh, was killed in February 2008 by a car bomb in Damascus. In January 2015, the Washington Post revealed that it was the CIA and Israel behind the execution that were a last-ditch thank to Israel's military defeat to Hezbollah in 2006. The car bomb was manufactured by the CIA and stored in a spare tire. It was triggered by Mossad agents in Tel Aviv.

In April 2008, al-Assad confirmed to a daily newspaper in Qatar that peace talks with Israel had been ongoing for a year with Turkey as an intermediary. He further stated: "There will be no direct talks with Israel until a new president is deployed to the United States. The United States is the only party qualified to direct direct negotiations between us, and the Bush administration has neither the vision nor the will for peace. It has nothing ”. However, the negotiations eventually ran out into the sand because the Israeli government was unwilling to abandon its occupied territories.

On October 26, 2008, the United States launched an attack on Syria. The attack targeted a small village and cost 8 Syrians lives - including 3 children. Syria's foreign minister accused the United States of carrying out a "criminal and terrorist" attack, and asked the UN to take up the matter in the Security Council, halting the procedure by the threat of a North American veto. The United States claimed the attack was carried out to curb the infiltration of foreign mujahedeen into Iraq. Acc. However, in the US, the number of «infiltrators» entering Syria has already dropped to one tenth of the level of the previous year. Some commentators pointed out that the attack occurred just 1 week before the US presidential election and could be a final attempt by the neoconservative government to cast votes for Republican candidate John McCain, for example. to provoke Syria to respond militarily again. Ifgl. international law strictly prohibits attacking military targets in another country. The only exception is "hot pursuits", where an identified military target flies across the border to another country, and there was no such exception. Acc. UN statutes fell the United States' attacks into the category of war on attacks and as such covered by war crimes.


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