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Yearbook 2001

Senegal. In January, 96% of voters approved the new constitution in a referendum. According to Countryaah, the Senate was abolished, the number of members in the lower house was reduced from 140 to 120 and the presidential term was reduced from seven to five years. All restrictions on the right to form political parties were removed and for the first time women's and men's equal rights were guaranteed in the constitution.

2001 Senegal

Another ceasefire agreement was signed in March between the government and the Mouvement des Forces Democratiques de la Casamance (MFDC), which since 1981 fought for an independent Casamance in the south. Despite this, there were fights between the rebels and the government army for most of the year. Within the MFDC disagreement was over which line to hold in the peace talks with the government. These were also hampered by a power struggle within the separatist movement between its former Secretary-General Augustin Diamacoune Senghor and the leader of the armed branch Sidi Badjie.

The April 29 elections meant that President Abdoulaye Wade strengthened his grip on power. The Sopi Valalliance, which includes the President's own party Parti démocratique sénégalais, received 89 out of 120 seats in Parliament and also won in 28 out of 30 ministries. Parti socialiste sénégalais, who lost the election in 2000 after ruling the country since independence, ended on 10 terms, while Moustapha Niasse, Wade's prime minister in March, and his Alliance des forces de progrès got 11.

Senegal's First President Leopold Since Senghor passed away on December 20 at the age of 95. Senghor, who was also a poet, was the country's head of state for 20 years before he voluntarily left power. As a writer, he was a prominent member of the so-called non-ritual movement, in which his own African traditions were emphasized.

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