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Netherlands

Yearbook 2001

Netherlands. On New Year's Eve, a fire broke out in a crowded disco in Volendam, probably since Santa Claus ignited Christmas decorations. A total of eleven young people perished due to the fire and 180 were injured. According to Countryaah, the tragedy sparked debate about the safety of public premises, especially as it turned out that only one emergency exit was open when the accident occurred.

In March, the first cases of dreaded foot-and-mouth disease were found in cows and sheep. The government decided to vaccinate animals, unlike in the United Kingdom where the disease was first discovered and where mass slaughter was instead used. The EU banned the export of cloven animals and meat products.

In April, violent outbreaks erupted near the village of Kootwijkerbroek when farmers protested the slaughter that was being ordered where infected animals were discovered. Kravall police were forced to take on water cannons, excavators and dogs to get through barriers. In total, 26 cases of the disease were found in the country before the danger blew over in July and export restrictions were lifted. About 265,000 animals were then slaughtered for prevention.

In April, the Netherlands became the first in the world to give gay couples the right to marry under the same conditions as heterosexuals, even in the case of eg. adoption and divorce. However, the law only applied to the nation's citizens. In addition, the Senate finally approved the law that made the Netherlands the first country in the world where euthanasia became legal and would start to apply from the turn of the year. Thus, in practice, what has already been practiced for decades in the country was formalized.

In August, Prime Minister Wim Kok announced that he did not intend to run for a third term in the 2002 elections.

2001 Netherlands

In 1989, the government adopted a 0.6% increase in defense spending in 1990 and 91, followed by unchanged budgets over the following 4 years as well as the withdrawal of 750 seconded soldiers in West Germany. Dutch politics raised concerns internally within NATO.

In November 1991, environmental experts from the Third World issued a report showing that over 40% of the trees in the Netherlands have been irrevocably damaged by the acid rain resulting from industrial pollution. A series of samples of the soil, water and air revealed a very high level of pollution.

The Netherlands has around 100,000 farms with a total of 120 million cattle. Raising one piece of cattle costs the country $ 2,000 annually, which is greater than the per capita income of many third world countries. Another characteristic of Dutch agriculture is the extensive use of pesticides - about 20kg per day. hectares per hectare years - contaminating the underground groundwater reservoirs and thus threatening the drinking water. At the same time, the high degree of industrialization and population density have led to extensive discharge of heavy metals, nitrates and organic waste in the rivers Maas, the Rhine and the Waal.

Due. The high consumption in Dutch society leaves each Dutch around 3,000 kg of waste annually. In Amsterdam and other cities, many apartments are inhabited by people living alone, which increases the demand for housing. Throughout the '70's and' 80's, specifically, the youth's response to the massive housing shortage was to occupy empty houses and create collectives in them. The Dutch BZ movement - the "Kraaker" movement - reached its peak of 60-80,000 people.

In the second half of 1991, the Netherlands holds the presidency of the EU, and the Dutch parliament then calls on the European heads of state to meet in Maastricht in December to condemn all forms of racism and to pass legislation prohibiting xenophobia on the European continent. Despite this initiative, the country is characterized by rising racism, although it does not have the same scale as in other European countries. It caused heavy blows in Dutch society when a Moroccan girl in the eyes of 200 people drowned in a lake in a Rotterdam park, while only 5 tried to save her. In September 93, the Netherlands chose to follow neighboring Germany's example and adopted restrictive legislation on the entry of citizens outside the EU.

Government institutions developed new indicators to cover the development of the economy and national income, so that the environmental damage was taken into account. The country's central statistical office announced in 1992 that it had adopted a new Green Gross Domestic Product indicator. It takes into account the use of natural resources in terms of their ability to regenerate and impact on local communities.

The coalition government's parties suffered a staggering defeat in the March 1994 local elections, which at the same time gave the extreme racist right wing a significant boost. On August 22, Wim Kok assumed the post of Prime Minister. For the second year in a row, there were failures in the complicated lock system in 1995, which led to flooding of significant areas in the country's southern and central parts.

 

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