Mauritania. In April, opposition politician Chebih Cheikh
Ould Melainine, leader of the Front Populaire (FP), was
arrested accused of planning sabotage and terrorist actions.
After demonstrations against the arrest in Nouakchott, the
trial was moved to another location.
Countryaah, FP rejected the allegations against Melainine, and the
process was also criticized by human rights organizations.
In June, the FP leader and two of his party mates were
sentenced to five years in prison. At the same time,
Mauritania's renewal party (PMR) left the government
coalition demanding that Melainine be released.
Independent Mauritania's first president Mokthar Ould Daddah
returned to his home country in July 22 years after he had
crashed into a coup. Ould Daddah said he would not get
The October parliamentary elections marked a clear
victory for the ruling party Parti Républicain Démocratique
et Social (PRDS), which received 64 of the 81 seats, but the
opposition could also point to success. In the municipal
elections held simultaneously, PRDS won 61% of the vote.
The way in which the elections were conducted was praised
by, among other things, The EU. In the capital, few people
voted, but in rural areas voter turnout was higher. During
the ten years that M. officially had a multi-party
democracy, most opposition parties have previously chosen to
boycott the elections.
In September, the country's former human rights
commissioner Lemine Ould Dadde was arrested on a charge of
fraud. Among other things. Amnesty International now
believed the cause was Daddy's work for human rights in the
country. Despite bans, slavery continues to be widespread in
the country, and activists fighting and revealing slavery
are frequently harassed and arrested by the authorities.
In February-March 2011, "the Arab Spring" reached
Mauritania. The opposition conducted demonstrations against
the dictatorship, but they were severely beaten by security
forces and anti-terrorism laws were used against the
In March 2012, Libya's former intelligence chief Colonel
Abdullah al-Senussi was arrested at Nouakchott airport. The
militia in Libya demanded him extradited to prosecution
there, but at the same time the ICC demanded him extradited
to prosecution in The Hague. The ICC had already issued an
arrest warrant against him in June 2011. However, Gadaffi
had fired him as intelligence chief on March 1, 2011. The
Western world fears al-Senussi because he has full knowledge
of the West's use of Libya in its torture programs since
In October 2012, Abdel Aziz was injured by gunshots.
There was conflicting information about where he had been
hit and whether it was an accident or an assault, but the
Authorities sentenced blogger Mohamed Cheikh Ould Mohamed
to death for blasphemy in December 2014. He had published in
January an article criticizing the caste system in
Mauritania, and had referred in the article to the Prophet's
writings. Reporters Without Borders condemned the death
sentence. Also in December, blogger Mohamed Mkhaïtir was
sentenced to death for being converted from Islam. He had
written a blog criticizing the use of religion to
marginalize certain groups in society.