Iraq. According to
Countryaah, US and UK air strikes against Iraqi military
targets, especially command centers and air defense
facilities, continued throughout the year. In February,
targets were attacked near Baghdad, killing three Iraqis. A
number of countries, including France and Russia, protested
against the attacks.
On June 19, I claimed that 23 young people had been
killed when a US or British aircraft dropped a bomb on a
football pitch in northern Iraq. The United States and Britain
dismissed the information. According to the United States,
the Iraqi air defense has improved significantly.
In August and September, the United States lost two
unmanned reconnaissance plan over Iraq. In August, new massive
attacks against southern Iraq were carried out, and on
September 9, targets were attacked southeast of Baghdad,
killing eight people.
In June, the UN Security Council also discussed a UK-US
proposal for so-called smart sanctions against Iraq. The
proposal, due to the problems the current sanctions created
for the Iraqi civilian population, would open the
possibilities for direct Iraqi food imports while
controlling arms imports. would be further sharpened. In
protest against the proposal, on June 4, almost all of its
oil exports stopped, but since the proposal was tabled after
Russian criticism, oil exports resumed.
The London-based opposition umbrella organization INC
(Iraqi National Congress, the "Iraqi National Congress")
began broadcasting satellite TV programs during the summer
to Iraq around the clock. The broadcasts, which are in Arabic,
are paid for by the US government.
At the Twelfth Regional Congress of the ruling Bath Party
on May 17, Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein was re-elected
general secretary of the party. His son Qusay Hussein was
elected to the party board and thus got his first official
post within the party, which was interpreted as being
intended to eventually succeed his father in the
Iraq denied all involvement in the terrorist attacks
against the United States on 11 September and in the
proliferation of anthrax bacteria that followed. But among
the population, concern grew that Iraq would be exposed to an
American offensive similar to that in Afghanistan.
I's relations with other Arab countries improved further
during the year. In January, Iraq and Egypt signed a free
trade agreement. On I National Day in July, Syrian President Bashar al-Asad congratulated his colleague Saddam Hussein
for the first time in 20 years, and a month later Syria's
Prime Minister Mohammed Mustafa Miro Baghdad visited. During
the summer, the first trains of more than 20 years began to
travel the Baghdad-Mardin route in southeastern Turkey.
The human rights organization Amnesty International
reported in August that Iraq is the country in the world where
most people disappear under circumstances that make it
possible to suspect that the regime has had them removed.
100,000 Iraqis died as a result of the invasion
But the reality was that the occupying power had
massively used the death penalty for the previous 16 months.
In late October, the renowned British medical journal,
The Lancet, published an article by a group of
researchers from the John Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public
Health in Baltimore. The researchers had investigated the
death rate in Iraq and were able to document that 100,000
Iraqis - predominantly civilians - have died as a result of
invasion and occupation during the period March 2003 -
September 2004. Most dead are women and children, and most
have been killed during bomb attacks, he wrote researchers.
The researchers had the Iraqi civilian population at risk of
dying 58 times greater than before the US invasion. Prior to
the invasion, the main causes of death were heartbeats and
chronic illnesses. The Lancet The article
emphasized that the number of deaths is based on a
projection based on information provided by doctors from
across Iraq, and that the number is therefore not exact but
subject to uncertainty.
In October 2006, the Lancet published a new article that,
based on samples around the country, could demonstrate that
in 2003-06, Iraq experienced 654,965 deaths from the war. Of
this, the death toll was due to the violence of 601,027. For
the vast majority as a result of the use of firearms,
although deaths from car bombs are also on the rise.
(Mortality after the 2003 invasion of Iraq: a
cross-sectional cluster sample survey, The Lancet
October 21, 2006).
November 2004. The massacre in Fallujah
Immediately after the US presidential election, the
superpower launched a storm attack on the city of Falluja
with 250,000 inhabitants. The purpose was to officially
crush the uprising against the occupying power. The storm
attack was launched with several days of intense aerial and
artillery bombardments by the densely populated city that
sent half the city's civilian population to flight. After
several weeks of intense terrorist bombings and land
operations, the occupation forces managed to occupy the
city. 150 US soldiers were killed during the offensive. The
civilian casualties are unknown, but must be counted in the
thousands and have been compared to the Allied terrorist
bombing of Dresden during World War II.
The US storm attack on Falluja in November did not crush
the uprising. On the contrary, there was a dramatic increase
in the number of occupying forces in the months leading up
to the election. The CIA estimates that around 17,000 Iraqis
are participating in the occupation against the occupying
power, and just as the attack on Falluja did not crush the
opposition to the occupying power, the election has not
stopped that resistance. A large majority of Iraqis continue
to demand that the occupation be stopped immediately. But
that's not what they were allowed to vote on January 30.
After several months of negotiations, in April Parliament
elected Kurdish leader Jalal Talabani as new president. He
is chairman of a presidential council, which also consists
of Sunni Ghazi Yawer and Shia Adel Abdul Mahdi. It is the
first time Iraq has a Kurdish president, but his power is
severely limited. It is the occupying power that sets the
military, political and economic agenda in the country. On
the same occasion, Shia leader Ibrahim Jaafari was appointed
In October 2005, 79% voted in favor of a new Iraqi
constitution involving regionalization of the country. The
proposal would have declined if less than 2/3 had voted for
it. It was rejected in 3 Sunni-dominated provinces: Salah ad
Din, Ninawa and Al Anbar. The national turnout was 63%.
There were reports of extensive electoral fraud - especially
in the Sunni-dominated provinces.
In December, the first election under the new
constitution was held for the 275-seat National Assembly.
This year, unlike in January, several Sunni parties failed
to boycott the election, and turnout increased to 70% -
according to the report. official information. Early reports
point to quite extensive electoral fraud and the fact that
the religious parties gained around 80% of the vote. The
Shia's United Iraqi Alliance got 41% of the vote, the
Kurdish Democratic Patriotic Alliance got 22% and the Sunnis