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Guatemala

Yearbook 2001

Guatemala. According to Countryaah, the severe drought that occurred in Central America during the otherwise rainy May-July harvests hit G. particularly hard. Nearly 12,000 farmers are believed to have lost about 80% of their crops.

2001 Guatemala

In the political arena, the year was dominated by the rallies of the Congress President, 74-year-old dictator Efraín Ríos Montt, who was accused of ex-post manipulation of a legislative text approved by Congress at the end of last year. Ríos Montt, along with 23 other members of Congress, were deprived of parliamentary immunity during the preliminary investigation, but in late April the court closed the case in the absence of evidence. Just over a month later, Ríos Montt was reported for participation in massacres of 1,200 Mayan Indians during his time as G's dictator in 1982-83.

On May 1, a so-called convertibility law was introduced that allows dollars as official means of payment in parallel with the national currency quetzal. This "dollarization", together with the government's attempt to raise VAT and introduce new taxes or modify old ones to curb a dramatically increasing budget deficit, led to widespread protests, particularly in the western Totonicapán province.

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