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Yearbook 2001

Ethiopia. Twelve leading members of the Tigre people's liberation front, the dominant party in the government coalition, were excluded from the party in March after criticizing Prime Minister Meles Zenawi for failing to wage war against Eritrea. President Negasso Gidada was expelled from the Oromo People's Democratic Organization (OPDO), also part of the government, accused of supporting the dissidents. The President, in turn, criticized the Prime Minister for abuse of power since he was appointed a general and closely allied to the new chairman of OPDO.

2001 Ethiopia

In October, the president's term in office expired. As the new head of state, an almost ceremonial task, Parliament elected 76-year-old Girma Wolde-Giorgis, a partyless member who had previously been a member of the parliament. President.

In April, unrest erupted at the University of Addis Ababa, since management banned a student newspaper and dissolved the student council. Police stormed the university and battered students. A week later, the riot police turned down a demonstration organized in support of the students. At least 30 people were killed and 250 injured when the police fired sharply.

According to Countryaah, security service chief Kinfe Gebre-Medhin was murdered in May. He was close to the prime minister and the murder was believed to be linked to the conflict within the government. In August, Speaker Almaz Mako left the country and joined the armed separatist movement Oromo's liberation front.

Former President Mengistu Haile Mariam was granted a permanent residence permit in Zimbabwe and thus learns to avoid being extradited to Ethiopia, where he is charged with crimes against humanity.

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