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El Salvador

Yearbook 2001

El Salvador. At just one month's intervals, El Salvador was hit by two earthquakes at the beginning of the year, which claimed a total of 1,000 casualties, injured 5,500, and destroyed 300,000 homes. Most of the deaths were caused by landslides in the wake of the earthquake, especially in the city of Santa Tecla.

2001 El Salvador

According to Countryaah, the social and economic consequences became very extensive. One-sixth of El Salvador's population became homeless and the proportion of poor people increased dramatically. The total value of the material destruction was estimated at $ 1.6 billion, equivalent to half the state budget or 13% of El Salvador's GDP. The coffee sector was particularly hard hit; the harvest was expected to be 35% less than normal. The economic and social improvements over the past three years have in practice been undone. The drastic consequences of the earthquakes are explained by the combined effects of a wide range of natural disasters that have hit all of Central America in a relatively short time since Hurricane Mitch's ravages in 1998.

Over the course of the year, another natural disaster has gradually developed; During the otherwise rainy period May-July, large parts of Central America suffered severe drought. In El Salvador, 35,000 families were in need of international aid, and the price of corn, one of El Salvador's most important staple foods, increased by 60%.

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