Burundi. Negotiations on the practical application of the
peace agreement signed by 19 Hutu and Tutsi parties in 2000
were long slow.
The talks were also accompanied by fierce fighting.
Huturebeller repeatedly attacked the outskirts of the
capital Bujumbura. During a week at the end of
February-March, 50,000 civilians were evacuated. The supply
situation in parts of northern Burundi was described as
serious and aid organizations raised alarms about increasing
malnutrition among children.
In April and July, young Tutsi officers tried to oust
President Pierre Buyoya, both times when he was abroad to
try to get the Hutur bells involved in the peace process.
In July, the 19 parties agreed to appoint a three-year
transitional government. The peace agreement also included
that political prisoners should be released and refugee
politicians returned. A peacekeeping force from South
Africa, Nigeria, Ghana and Senegal would protect the
politicians. The most difficult task for the Provisional
Government was deemed to be the inclusion of the Hutur bells
in the hitherto heavily Tutsid-dominated army.
A first battalion of 700 South Africans came to Burundi
in connection with the installation of the Interim
Government on November 1. The government includes 15 Hutus
from six parties and 13 Tutsis from nine parties. According
to Countryaah, President Buyoya, Tutsi, continues to govern the country for 18 months
with Domitien Ndayizeye, hutu, as vice president.
Thereafter, the roles will be changed.
In support of Burundi's reconstruction after eight years
of war, international aid donors allocated in December 764
million. US dollar. A large part of the money will be used
to fight AIDS.
However, the Hutu rebel forces FDD and FNL did not accept
the peace agreement and continued the fighting in the late
autumn. The threat of extreme Tutsis, who could not imagine
a division of power, also remained.