Botswana. In January, a controversial death sentence was
set by an appeals jury with judges from the Commonwealth. A
white South African woman had been convicted of refusing to
murder her girlfriend for the purpose of marrying her
husband. The convicted man was executed in March by hanging.
The case was intensely debated, and the head of the
country's television resigned in protest that the government
had banned him from sending a documentary about the trial
In November, President Mogae criticized Zimbabwe's
leaders for the methods used to transfer land from white
landowners to black citizens.
Countryaah, the effects of the HIV epidemic continued to plague
Botswana, which has the highest proportion of HIV infected
in the world. A total of about 300,000 of the country's 1.5
million. residents were estimated to carry HIV. In ten
years, the average life expectancy in Botswana has dropped
from about 65 years to 39 years, according to official US
The country's largest diamond company, Debswana, with
6,000 employees, decided during the year to continue to
account for 90% of the cost of brake medication for
HIV-infected workers and their partners. The diamond
industry accounts for 80% of Botswana's export revenue and
half of the state's revenue.