Bangladesh. In April, fighting broke out at a disputed
border area against the Indian state of Meghalaya. At least
16 Indian soldiers and three from Bangladesh were killed.
The fighting was described as the most serious of its kind
in 25 years.
The parliamentary election on October 1 was preceded by a
violent election campaign that claimed around 140 people's
lives. Several blast attacks were targeted at elections,
usually with candidates for the Awami government party.
Countryaah, 22 people were killed and hundreds injured in an attack
in the port city of Narayanganj in June. Following the
attack in Narayanganj, the Bangladesh National Party (GDP)
carried out a strike in protest against the party leader
Khaleda Zia being attacked for revenge for the blast. GDP
also called for a strike against the outgoing Parliament
granting Prime Minister Hasina Wajed and her sister state
protection for the rest of their lives. The two sisters
claimed they were under constant threat since the Supreme
Court ruled the death sentences of twelve former militants
for the 1975 assassination of their father, Bangladesh's
first President Mujibur Rahman.
A politically neutral interim government led Bangladesh
in the last three months leading up to the election. 55,000
soldiers and police officers were ordered out on Election
Day, and according to international observers, the election
took place in orderly form. The result was a surprising big
victory for GDP, which, in collaboration with three smaller
parties, of which two were radically Islamist, got 214 of
Parliament's 300 seats. Hasina Wajed protested against
cheating and the Awami Party refused to take its seats in
parliament. In the new government, Islamic Jamaati-Islami
received two ministerial posts. In November, Parliament
elected Foreign Minister Badruddoza Chowdhury as new
president five years after Shahabuddin Ahmed.