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Yearbook 2001

Bangladesh. In April, fighting broke out at a disputed border area against the Indian state of Meghalaya. At least 16 Indian soldiers and three from Bangladesh were killed. The fighting was described as the most serious of its kind in 25 years.

2001 Bangladesh

The parliamentary election on October 1 was preceded by a violent election campaign that claimed around 140 people's lives. Several blast attacks were targeted at elections, usually with candidates for the Awami government party.

According to Countryaah, 22 people were killed and hundreds injured in an attack in the port city of Narayanganj in June. Following the attack in Narayanganj, the Bangladesh National Party (GDP) carried out a strike in protest against the party leader Khaleda Zia being attacked for revenge for the blast. GDP also called for a strike against the outgoing Parliament granting Prime Minister Hasina Wajed and her sister state protection for the rest of their lives. The two sisters claimed they were under constant threat since the Supreme Court ruled the death sentences of twelve former militants for the 1975 assassination of their father, Bangladesh's first President Mujibur Rahman.

A politically neutral interim government led Bangladesh in the last three months leading up to the election. 55,000 soldiers and police officers were ordered out on Election Day, and according to international observers, the election took place in orderly form. The result was a surprising big victory for GDP, which, in collaboration with three smaller parties, of which two were radically Islamist, got 214 of Parliament's 300 seats. Hasina Wajed protested against cheating and the Awami Party refused to take its seats in parliament. In the new government, Islamic Jamaati-Islami received two ministerial posts. In November, Parliament elected Foreign Minister Badruddoza Chowdhury as new president five years after Shahabuddin Ahmed.

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